Pictures
(click to enlarge)
Type
Description Blade
Length
Overall
Length

Muzzle
Ring
Diameter

Markings
      in. mm. in. mm. in. mm.  
M1904
Sword bayonet for the 6.5 mm. M1904 Mauser-Vergueiro rifle. This bayonet was also used with the 8 mm. M1904/39 Mauser-Vergueiro Short Rifle conversion.

The M1904 bayonets were made 1904–1909 by Simson & Co. of Suhl, Germany. Approximately 75,000 were made, before Portugal ran out of money to continue production. Portugal was the poorest of all European countries and was plagued by financial difficulties.

11.125
283
15.875
403
.620
15.7
Ricasso (right): "Simson & Co." over "Suhl"

Pommel: "F9591"

m/937 Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Mauser m/937 Short Rifle, produced for the Portuguese, in Germany, beginning in 1937. The m/937 is closely related to the Kar 98k. This bayonet was also used with Kar 98k rifles that Portugal obtained from Germany in 1941.

This bayonet was made in Germany, under contract for the Portuguese government. The bayonet is a German M1884/98 III, made on the same production line as those used by the Wehrmacht. This example bears German government acceptance marks (waffenamts), signifying that it met German government acceptance standards.

There were two Portuguese contracts, one in 1937 and another in 1941. This example is from the second contract, as is evidenced by the serial number on the crosspiece and the WaA 883 inspection stamps. First contract examples have the serial number on the pommel and bear WaA 253 inspection stamps.

The scabbard is an original Portuguese-contract scabbard, as evidenced by the abbreviated serial number on the frog stud (letter prefix and last two-digits).

Unlike bayonets produced for the German Army, these bayonets have no maker markings.  The inspection teams represented by WaA 253 and WaA 883, covered many of the large Solingen blade makers, so it is not known which firm produced these bayonets.

9.875 250 15.125 384 n/a Crosspiece: "H6397"

Pommel:  "WaA 883" (twice)

Press Stud: "WaA 883"

Scabbard (Frog Stud): "H59"

Scabbard (ball finial): "WaA 883"
m/938 Sword bayonet for use on the 7.65 mm. Pistola Metralhadora (machine pistol) m/938 and 9 mm. m/942, as made by Steyr-Solothurn for Portugal.

This bayonet is a conversion of the M1904 bayonet, done in 1938.

According to bayonet author/researcher Dennis Ottobre, the conversion consisted of having the hilt cut in half across the tang, a new crossguard with high mounted 15 mm. muzzle ring installed (replacing the original completely) and then the tang was shortened and rewelded with new shorter grips installed. With all the cutting and welding it was necessary to reblue them entirely. 

Often overlooked fact on these is that they fit a M1895 Steyr straight pull rifle and carbine. The m/938 was originally configured to accept the Austrian M1895 bayonet. When Portugal bought the m/938, they must have found it more economical to rework existing M1904 bayonets than to purchase the Austrian M1895 bayonets.

11.125 283 15.375 391 .595 15.1 Ricasso (right): "Simson & Co." over "Suhl"

Pommel: "3666"
m/948 Knife bayonet for the 9 mm. FBP (Fabrico Braco de Prata) m/948 submachine gun. This diminutive bayonet has a distinctive double-edged stiletto blade profile.

The m/948 was produced from 1948–1955. Fabrico Braco de Prata (Silver Arms Factory) was a State-owned arms factory in Lisbon. Today, FBP is known as INDEP—Indústrias Nacionais de Defesa, EP (Defense National Industries, Public Corporation).

The ricasso marking Armamento Marhina (Naval Armament), suggests that this example was produced for the Portuguese Navy. It's condition and the absence of a serial number indicates that this example was likely never issued.

The m/948 was the only indigenous submachine gun used by Portugal. It enjoyed a long service life, seeing combat service in Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portuguese India and Timor.

 

7.00 178 11.875 302 n/a Ricasso" "Armamento" over "Marinha" over "M48"
AR-10 Knife bayonet for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber Armalite AR–10 assault rifle produced, in 1960, for Portugal by Artillerie Inrichtingen (Artillery Institutions) in the Netherlands.

Unlike most modern bayonets, which mount below the rifle’s barrel, this bayonet mounts inverted above the barrel. The one-piece wooden grip is unique and wraps almost completely around the hilt. The only marking is the triangular Artillerie Inrichtingen trademark. The scabbard is closely patterned after the familiar U.S. M8A1 scabbard.

I corresponded with the Dutch Army Museum, regarding production of the AR–10 bayonet. Only 1,556 AR10 rifles and bayonets were delivered to Portugal. A few more were produced for use in Dutch Army trials, bringing total production of this bayonet to approximately 1,600 pieces.

This example has seen considerable service. Low production numbers and extensive combat service have made surviving specimens of this bayonet scarce. 

The AR–10 saw nearly two decades of combat service with Portuguese special forces fighting insurgents in Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, and Timor. See my presentation, The Portuguese AR–10 Bayonet, for more information and pictures of the AR–10 bayonet in use by Portuguese troops in Angola and Mozambique.

The first AR–10 rifles produced by Artillerie Inrichtingen went to Sudan in 1958. These used a German-made knife bayonet that mounted underneath the barrel.

7.125 181 11.75 298 .855 21.7 Ricasso: Superimposed "AI" inside a triangle.

Scabbard: "7446"

Infantry Belt Frog Web belt frog for carrying the FAL Type A and m/948 bayonets. Will also accommodate the M1904, m/937, and m/938 bayonets.

Based on the British Pattern 1937 frog, the Portuguese design incorporates a glove fastener on the hilt strap.

Measures 6.50 in. (165 mm.) long by 1.187 in. (30 mm.) wide.

This frog was not classified by Carter.

n/a n/a n/a Illegible marking on reverse.
Mounted Belt Frog Web belt frog for carrying the FAL Type A and m/948 bayonets. Will also accommodate the M1904, m/937, and m/938 bayonets.

Offset design incorporates a belt hanger that positions the frog at a 45-degree angle. Portugal adopted this concept in the 19th Century, for use by horse cavalry. This modern frog was most likely intended for use by mechanized troops.

The frog measures 4.75 in. (121 mm.) long by 1.187 in. (30 mm.) wide. The belt hanger measures 5.50 in. (140 mm.) long by 2.25 in. (57 mm.) wide.

This frog was not classified by Carter.

These frogs may have been imported from Brazil, on account of the P.M.S.C. marking (Polícia Militar de Santa Catarina?). The Polícia Militar is a Gendarmerie (i.e., a police force with both civil and military roles). Although I suspect this, I have never been able to substantiate that Brazil used the Portuguese m/948 FBP submachine gun, without which there would have been no need for these frogs. Hopefully, further information will come to light to document the meaning of this marking.

n/a n/a n/a Reverse: "P. M. S. C."
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© Ralph E. Cobb 2010 All Rights Reserved        

Bayonets of Portugal

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