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|M1809||Socket bayonet for use with the 17.9 mm. Prussian M1809 flintlock musket.
These are frequently encountered in the USA, owing to the M1809 musket’s use during the U.S. Civil War. The bayonet is unusual in that it lacks the mortise commonly found on socket bayonets. The mounting system was developed by Austria 1798–1799, incorporating a spring on the musket which engages the notch on the bayonet’s socket collar. The unfullered triangular blade and longer 3.00 in. (76 mm.) socket distinguishes the M1809 from the later M1839 bayonet.
Patterned after the French M1777 Charleville musket and designated the “New Prussian Musket,” these were made into the 1830s at the Prussian state arsenals. Commonly referred to by collectors as the “Potsdam musket,” they were made at a half-dozen arsenals, Potsdam being one of them. Many were altered to percussion during the 1840s and stored in war reserves as Prussian regulars were equipped with the M1841 Dreyse needle-fire rifle.
In 1861, the Union purchased 165,000 Prussian arms, most of which were obsolete smoothbore M1809 percussion muskets. Most saw service in the Western Theatre. By the end of 1862, these arms had served their purpose and were soon replaced with more modern rifled weapons.
|19.25||489||22.312||567||.869||22.0||Ricasso: "1" and "H"
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