Pictures
(click to enlarge)
Type Description
Blade
Length
Overall
Length

Muzzle
Ring
Diameter

Markings
     
in.
mm.
in.
mm.
in.
mm.
 
M1891 Socket bayonet for use with the 7.62 mm. M1891 Mosin-Nagant rifle. The M1891 was the Russian mainstay during the First World War and the Revolution of 1918. 

Although the M1891/30 had superseded the M1891 by the time Russia entered the Second World War, the M1891 was widely used during the Second World War as well.

16.75
425
19.50
495
.585
14.9
Socket (Right): Russian Proof Commission marks "IIK" and a Cyrillic character inside a circle.

Socket (Left): "IO 42412" (second 4 is inverted).

M1891/30 Panshin Socket bayonet for use with the 7.62 mm. Mosin-Nagant M1891 Dragoon rifle. The Panshin is an early variant of the M1891/30 bayonet, intended for use by mounted cavalry.

This example was made 1930–32 at the Tula Arsenal.

Col. P.K. Panshin designed the sight hood to protect the front sight of rifles used by the cavalry. However, the government decided to make the sight hood standard on all M1891/30 rifles instead.

As a result, few hooded bayonets were produced. Most had the hood removed during the Second World War, since the hooded bayonet would not mount to a hooded rifle. Examples with the hood intact are quite scarce today.

17.00
432
19.875
505
.590
15.0
Elbow (right): proofmark

Elbow (left): star and proofmark

Shoulder: "123713"

M1891/30 Socket bayonet for use with the 7.62 mm. M1891/30 Mosin-Nagant rifle. The M1891/30 was Soviet Russia's standard service rifle during the Second World War.

The M1891/30 bayonet has a press stud to secure the bayonet in place, rather than the locking ring of the M1891.

This example is typical of crude wartime production, with heavy tool marks.

16.875
429
19.75
502
.580
14.7
None.
Thumbnail image of russian m1891/30 bayonet with refurbishment markThumbnail image of russian m1891/30 bayonet with refurbishment markThumbnail image of russian m1891/30 bayonet with refurbishment mark M1891/30 This example has been refurbished, as evidenced by the square with diagonal slash refurb mark. Many of the wartime tool marks were cleaned up during the refurbishment process. 17.00 432 19.812 503 .585 14.9 Elbow: "13657" and refurb mark
M1940 Knife bayonet for use with the 7.62 mm. Tokarev SVT–40 self-loading rifle that saw limited use during the Second World War.  This was the first Russian knife bayonet and its influence is evident in the later SKS and AK47 bayonets.

The M1940 bayonet is unique in having a sheath surrounding the press stud to prevent the fixed bayonet from being inadvertently detached. This proved a solution to a non-existent problem and was dropped from future Russian designs. This example has gone through arsenal overhaul, as evidenced by the rich deep blued finish. 

The scabbard is of the second type, with the flattened tip, rather than a ball tip.  The scabbard has a pigskin leather belt hanger.

9.50
241
14.00
356
.555
14.1
Ricasso: various partial inspection marks

Grip (Left): 4144
M1944 Folding bayonet permanently attached to the 7.62 mm. Mosin-Nagant M1944 rifle.

The bayonet folds to the right side and stows in a cutout in the rifle's forestock.

12.25
311
15.25
387
.555
14.1
None.
SKS-45 Knife bayonet permanently attached to the 7.62 mm. Simonov SKS–45 self-loading rifle.

This example was made in 1951 at Tula Arsenal. 

The blade folds underneath and stows in a cutout area in the rifle's forestock.

9.50
241
12.00
305
.550
14.0
None.
6X2 (AK47) Knife bayonet for use with the 7.62 mm. Kalashnikov AK47 assault rifle.

Produced 1953–59 at the Izhevsk Arsenal, Izhevsk, Russia.

The reason for the unusual grip and second partial muzzle ring was that the bayonet was an afterthought, the AK47 not being initially designed to accept a bayonet.

The steel scabbard is a clone of the later M1940 SVT scabbard. Russian scabbards typically have a drain hole on the front side of the scabbard. It has an integral web belt hanger with a leather hilt strap. The olive green web belt hanger measures 4.125 in. (105 mm.) long by 0.50 in. (19 mm.) wide.

Go to the AK Bayonets page.

7.875 200 12.25 311 .695 17.7 Crosspiece: Arrow inside Triangle.

Pommel: "1910"

6X3 (AKM Type I) Knife bayonet for use with the 7.62 mm. Kalashnikov AKM assault rifle.

They were produced from 1959–late 1960s at the Izhevsk Arsenal, Izhevsk, Russia.

Orange plastic grip. Black steel Type I scabbard has a black rubber insulator for cutting electrified wire. Brown, pebble-grain leather belt hanger and tan web wrist strap. The belt hanger measures 3.75 in. (95 mm.) in length.

Go to the AK Bayonets page.

5.75
146
11.00
279
.695
17.7
Crosspiece (left): "9130"

Crosspiece (right): "11" inside an oval and an diamond (inspection marks

Muzzle Ring: inspection marks

Guide Lug: triangle (Izhevsk mark)

Scabbard (body): "9130"

Thumbnail image of Russian AKM Type I Transitional bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type I Transitional bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type I Transitional bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type I Transitional bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type I Transitional bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type I Transitional bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type I Transitional bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type I Transitional bayonet AKM Type I Transitional Knife bayonet for use with the 7.62 mm. Kalashnikov AKM assault rifle.

This AKM variant represents a transition between the AKM Type I and Type II bayonets, mating the Type I bayonet with the Type II scabbard. Only Russia and East Germany did so.

The brown smooth leather belt hanger measures 3.75 in. (95 mm.) in length.

This example has been reworked, as evidenced by the multiple electropenciled serial numbers. This example was acquired overseas by a U.S. Marine during the Persian Gulf War period (early-mid 1990s).

Go to the AK Bayonets page.

5.75 146 10.875 276 .695 17.7 Crosspiece (left): "9792"

Crosspiece (right): "11" inside an oval and "OB" in a diamond (inspection marks)

Guide Lug: triangle (Izhevsk mark)

Scabbard (body): "5350" (lined out) and Arrow inside triangle

Scabbard (anvil): "5079"

6X4 (AKM Type II)
Knife bayonet for use with the Kalashnikov 7.62 mm. AKM and 5.45 mm. AK74 assault rifles.

Orange plastic grip. The Type II scabbard has an orange plastic body. The brightly-colored plastic is often referred to as bakelite, although it is a modern polymer. The brown pebble-grained leather belt hanger and tan web wrist strap are similar to those used on the 6X3 bayonet.

Although the maker mark has worn away, the "2/2" mold mark identifies it as having been made at the Izhevsk Arsenal, Izhevsk, Russia. The Tula arsenal used a hyphen in their mold mark. The 6X4 bayonet was produced from the late-1960s–1983.

This example was brought back from the first Gulf War, Afghanistan, or some other foreign hotspot prior to the U.S. invasion of Iraq.

The bayonet and scabbard had fine sand/silt in all of its nooks and crannies. A portion of the belt loop is missing, as if the bayonet had been yanked off of it's former owner's belt. The partial belt hanger measures 3.875 in. (98 mm.) in length.

The seller I obtained it from indicated that he had purchased it in 2002 from a shop in VA, which he described as being a place "known to do a lot of business with SEALS from Little Creek." He indicated that "he had seen fellas getting out of service bring duffel bags full of 'neat stuff' by there to unload for a few bucks prior to separation" (he had no reason to embellish the story, as his asking price was a fraction of what this bayonet would have brought at auction).

Go to the AK Bayonets page.

5.75
146
10.625
270
.695
17.7
Crosspiece (right): inspection marks

Crosspiece (left): "847"

Grip (right): "2/2"

Pommel: "769"

Scabbard Body: Arrow inside triangle (Izhevsk mark) and "80" and "089"

Thumbnail image of Russian AKM Type II  bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type II  bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type II  bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type II  bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type II  bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type II  bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type II  bayonetThumbnail image of Russian AKM Type II  bayonet Reworked 6X4 (AKM Type II) This AKM Type II example has been reworked, showing evidence of little use since reworking. The plastic and painted parts are coated in a clear lacquer. The blade was still in the grease when I obtained it.

The bayonet was made at the Izhevsk Arsenal, while the scabbard was made at the Tula Arsenal.

The tan smooth leather belt hanger measures 3.75 in. (95 mm.) in length.

This example was acquired overseas by a U.S. Marine during the Persian Gulf War period (early-mid 1990s), along with the AKM Type I Transitional bayonet above.

Go to the AK Bayonets page.

5.75 146 10.75 273 .695 17.7 Grip (right): "9/2" and arrow inside triangle (Izhevsk mark)

Grip (left): "1903"

Scabbard Body: star (Tula mark) and "16", and "1444"

6X5 (AK74) Knife bayonet for use with the 5.45 mm. Kalashnikov AK74 assault rifle. This bayonet will also mount to the 7.62 mm. AKM assault rifle.

Production began in 1983. The 6X5 bayonet is currently in first-line service with the the Russian Army.

Spear-point blade with a unique cross-section. Black molded polymer grip. Black plastic scabbard has the typical AKM pattern clip-on belt hanger made of black pebble-grain leather. The belt hanger measures 3.75 in. (95 mm.) long.

Under bright light, the grip and scabbard have a purple (or plum) hue.

Go to the AK Bayonets page.

6.25
159
11.375
289
.695
17.7
Ricasso (left):"OTK" very feint

Ricasso (right): Acceptance mark (inside a rectangle)

Pommel: "8-1: Scabbard (body): "5-1" (mold no.) and inspection mark (silver paint)

Belt Hanger: "5" inside a circle

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© Ralph E. Cobb 2010 All Rights Reserved        

Bayonets of Russia

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