Pictures
(click to enlarge)
Type Description Blade
Length
Overall
Length

Muzzle
Ring
Diameter

Markings
      in. mm. in. mm. in. mm.  
Type 33 (1890) Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. M1888 Mannlicher rifles that Siam obtained from Austria.

According to Steyr sales records, 15,000 M1888 rifles were furnished to Siam, most in the 1890s. Some may have been used items, sold from Austrian military stocks. This example has the Austrian serial number on the crosspiece and a Siamese serial number on the pommel.

Originally known simply as "Type Mannlicher Long Rifles," they were re-designated Type 33 when Siam adopted the Buddhist Calendar in 1913. Year 2433 corresponds to 1890.

According to Slovakian bayonet collector-researcher, Andrej 'Andy' Blazicek, the "IIQ" marking was Steyr's mark signifying "second quality."

The scabbard was made by the firm, Vogel & Noot of Wartberg. Vogel & Noot is still in business today, manufacturing ploughs and farm equipment.

9.75 248 14.75 375 .655 16.6 Ricasso: "IIQ"

Crosspiece: "7063A"

Tang (upper): "LG"

Pommel: "1776" in Siamese characters

Scabbard (frog stud): "V&N"

Thumbnail image of siamese bayonet for use with the M1888 Commission RifleThumbnail image of siamese bayonet for use with the M1888 Commission RifleThumbnail image of siamese bayonet for use with the M1888 Commission RifleThumbnail image of siamese bayonet for use with the M1888 Commission RifleThumbnail image of siamese bayonet for use with the M1888 Commission RifleThumbnail image of siamese bayonet for use with the M1888 Commission RifleThumbnail image of siamese bayonet for use with the M1888 Commission Rifle Double Edged Knife Bayonet Knife bayonet  for use with the 11 mm. M1871 Mauser rifle and the 8 mm. M1888 Commission Rifle.

These bayonets represent an enigma. Little is known about the origin and use of these double-edged bayonets. The “W” on the blade spine is believed to identify the maker as Weyersberg, Kirschbaum & Co.

Many books refer to these as the M1907, probably due to the bayonet's resemblance to the Chinese M1907 bayonet. However, Antwerp, Belgium arms dealer Jules Pire & Co. listed these in his 1905 catalog.

Although it is unclear when these were manufactured, a quantity were still in Germany when the First World War began in 1914. These were issued to Landsturm troops along with the Gewehr 88 and also as sidearms to machine gun crews.

Siam is documented as having imported 43,000 Mauser Gewehr 71's during the 1870s and 1880s. There is no documented Siamese import of the Gewehr 88. This bayonet’s association with the Gewehr 88 largely comes from how it was used in Germany, as an Ersatz Bayonet (Mery classified it as EB 149). 

This example clearly made it to Siam, where the original grips were eventually replaced with local hardwood.  I have encountered one other example of this bayonet with the same grip material. Siamese bayonets are frequently encountered with rotted grips due to the tropical climate.
9.875 251 14.75 375 .690 17.5 Blade (spine): "W"

Pommel: "573" (in Siamese)

Type 45 (1903)
Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm M1903 Siamese Mauser rifle. 

These were produced 1903–08, in Japan, at the Imperial Japanese Army Arsenal at Tokyo (Kowisikawa). The grip scales are secured with tiny screws set in escutcheons, as are found on early Japanese Type 30 bayonets.

The characters on the ricasso say "R.S. 121" in Siamese, which represents the year 1903 on the Gregorian (western) Calendar.  "R.S. 121" is an abbreviation for Rattanakosin Sok 121.  This refers to the 121st year of the Rattanakosin Era, which began with the founding of Bangkok in 1782. The bayonet was re-designated Type 45 when Siam adopted the Buddhist Calendar in 1913. Year 2445 corresponds to 1903.

The marking below the serial number is the Siamese character equivalent to the English letter B. It is believed that this symbol was of Colonel Prince Bavorady who was the officer in charge of the delegation that visited Japan during the manufacturing of the weapons. However, no historical documents have been found to confirm this.

The scabbard throat is unique in having a depression that allows the scabbard to remain on the bayonet when fixed to the rifle.

9.75
248
14.50
368
.640
16.3
Ricasso: Siamese characters

Pommel:  "10356" in Siamese characters and inspector's mark (Siamese script 'B' inside a circle)

Type 45 (1903) This example is more typical of Siamese Type 45 bayonets encountered by collectors. The wood grip scales are secured by rivets with washers. 9.75 248 14.50 368 .620 15.7 Ricasso: Siamese characters

Pommel:  "11445" in Siamese characters

Type 62 (1919) Sword bayonet for use with the .303 caliber Short, Magazine, Lee-Enfield No. I Mk. III (SMLE) rifle.

The Type 62 is a re-badged British Pattern 1907 bayonet. Siam purchased 10,000 SMLE rifles and Pattern 1907 bayonets from Britain in 1919 to equip the "Wild Tiger Corps," royal bodyguard of Vajiravudh, King Rama VI (reigned 1910–1925). The tiger figural on the ricasso is representative of the Wild Tiger Corps. Year 2462 on the Buddhist Calendar corresponds to 1919.

SMLE rifles and Pattern 1907 bayonets were taken from British stocks, refurbished by Birmingham Small Arms (BSA), and remarked with Siamese markings. The bayonets were shipped with standard steel-mounted leather scabbards. However, the leather rapidly deteriorated in the tropical climate, so the Siamese made a replacement steel scabbard body to which the original steel mounts were brazed.

17.00 432 21.875 556 0.660 16.8 Ricasso: Tiger figural over "9717" in Siamese characters
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Bayonets of Siam (now Thailand)

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