Pictures
(click to enlarge)
Type Description Blade
Length
Overall
Length

Muzzle
Ring
Diameter

Markings
      in. mm. in. mm. in. mm.  
Thumbnail image of Johnson M1941 self-loading rifle bayonetThumbnail image of Johnson M1941 self-loading rifle bayonetThumbnail image of Johnson M1941 self-loading rifle bayonetThumbnail image of Johnson M1941 self-loading rifle bayonetThumbnail image of Johnson M1941 self-loading rifle bayonetThumbnail image of Johnson M1941 self-loading rifle bayonetThumbnail image of Johnson M1941 self-loading rifle bayonetThumbnail image of Johnson M1941 self-loading rifle bayonet Johnson Model of 1941 Triangular bayonet for the caliber .30-06 Johnson Model of 1941 self-loading rifle.

The Model of 1941 was an innovative rifle design developed by U.S.M.C. Capt. Melvin M. Johnson as an alternative to the M1 Garand. The rifle's recoil-operated action required a lightweight bayonet, which accounts for the bayonet's skeletal appearance.

Essentially, a socket bayonet without a socket, this bayonet mounts to the rifle by means of an ingenious flat spring. The scabbard is leather with a brass thorn to secure the hilt strap.

A total of approximately 30,000 Johnson Model of 1941 rifles are believed to have been produced. The Model of 1941 rifle and bayonet were used in small numbers by U.S. Marines, the Netherlands, and Chile. The CIA armed some of the Cuban-Exile guerilla forces with Johnson rifles during the ill-fated Bay of Pigs invasion.

Serial numbering of the muzzle ring is believed to have been done by the Netherlands, indicating that this example likely saw service in the Far East with Dutch Naval Forces or the Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger or KNIL (Royal Netherlands East Indies Army).

A graduate of Harvard Law School, Johnson was assigned as an observer of the Army trials of the Garand and Peterson rifles. During his time at Springfield Armory, he developed his own designs for the Model of 1941 self-loading rifle and Model of 1941 light machine gun. The designs were considered especially innovative. The Johnson Model of 1941 rifle’s 8-lugged rotating bolt design was adapted by designer Eugene Stoner for his revolutionary Armalite AR-10 assault rifle and is still used today in the M16 assault rifle.
7.75 197 11.75 298 .570 14.5 Muzzle Ring: "242"
M1
Knife bayonet for use on the caliber .30–06 U.S. Rifle M1, designed by John Garand. Also used on the caliber .30–06 M1903 and M1903A3 rifles.

This example was made in 1944 by the Union Fork & Hoe Co., Columbus, OH, in 1944.

The M1 bayonet was manufactured new with a 10-inch blade and black plastic grips. The M7 scabbard was manufactured new for the 10-inch bayonet.

The bayonet pictured at left was my first bayonet. Obtained as a gift in the late 1970's.

9.625
244
14.375
365
.620
15.7
Ricasso: "U.F.H." "U.S." w/ordinance 'bomb'

Crosspiece:  "44"

Backstrap: "H"

Scabbard: ordinance 'bomb' on steel throat; "vp 16" molded into fiberglass.  "24" painted on back.

M1905E1 Beginning in 1943, many 16-inch M1905 bayonets were cut down to 10 inches and designated M1905E1.  16-inch M3 scabbards were also shortened to M7 length. 

This example was originally made as a M1905 bayonet at Springfield Armory in 1919. It was cut-down by the Union Fork & Hoe Co. of Columbus, Ohio. These bayonets are found with both a spear point or a beak point (as this example illustrates).

The scabbard is 16 inch M3 type that has been shortened to the 10 inch M7 configuration.

9.875 251 14.375 365 .620 15.7 Ricasso (Left):  "S A" over ordinance bomb over "1919"

Ricasso (Right): "US" over "1095777" and "U.F.H. stamped over the numbers.

Scabbard (Throat):  "US" inside an ordinance bomb

Sedgley Knife Bayonet Knife bayonet for use with Krag-style and M1903-style rifles used at military schools and by war plant security guards.

Made circa 1942–44 by R. F. Sedgley Inc., 2311 North 16th Street, Philadelphia, PA. Sedgley produced substitute rifles and bayonets to replace M1903 rifles that were on loan from the government, but were recalled due to military necessity.

A close clone of the U.S. M1892 bayonet, the workmanship is very crude compared to a U.S. M1892 bayonet. It is unclear whether there were scabbards produced, as all seem to be found in U.S. M1892 scabbards.

The M1892 scabbard that this example came in has an unusual marking on the belt hanger. Likely, a property mark of some sort. Hopefully, further research will reveal its significance.

11.75 298 16.25 413 .625 15.9 Scabbard (belt hanger): Large "2" with small "D" inside and "25"
M1942 Machete The M1942 machete was a simplified version of a commercial design developed by Collins & Company of Hartford, Connecticut. The M1942 replaced the old M1917 bolo knife.  Although produced in large numbers, the M1917 bolo was never a very effective brush-cutting implement and an improved tool was needed for the thick jungles of the Pacific theater.

This example was made in 1945.  Second World War M1942 machetes typically had a wood or black plastic grip, except that True Temper machetes had an olive green plastic grip.

True Temper was the commercial trademark of the American Fork & Hoe Co. of Cleveland, Ohio. Unlike bayonets produced by American Fork and Hoe Co., which were marked "AFH", they used their commercial trademark on the M1942 machete.

American Fork & Hoe Co. was established in 1902. The corporate name was changed to True Temper Hardware Co. in 1949. The True Temper trademark continues in commercial use to the present day.

The scabbard is made of riveted canvas with a brass throat and M1910 wire belt hanger.

Williamsville Buff Mfg. Co. was a Connecticut manufacturer of industrial buffing wheels. They also made canvas mail bags for the U.S. Postal Service.

17.875 454 23.25 591 n/a Ricasso: "U.S." over "True Temper" over "1945"

Scabbard:  "U.S." over illegible maker's name (Williamsville Buff Mfg. Co.?) over date (illegible)

M4 Bayonet-Knife Bayonet-knife for use on the caliber .30 U.S. Carbine M1. The bayonet-knife M4 was also used on the selective-fire M2 Carbines which were developed post-war.

Initially, the M1 Carbine did not accept a bayonet. Beginning in June 1944, the front band included a bayonet lug. Most earlier carbines were subsequently retrofitted with the bayonet-lug front band.

This example was made by the Imperial Knife Co., Providence, Rhode Island. The leather-grip identifies this as being from the first production run of 1944–1945.

This example is as-issued and in exceptional condition, with the starburst staking on the pommel, smooth parkerizing on the blade, and factory sharpening done after the blade was parkerized. 

According to noted U.S. bayonet authority Gary Cunningham, the pommel was made by subcontractor, Standard Products Co. of Port Clinton, Ohio. The number identifies the heat-treatment lot.  Standard Products Co. also produced M1 Carbines during the Second World War.

The scabbard is an early production M8A1, without the metal tip. It was made by the Beckwith Manufacturing Co., Dover, NH, as a M8 scabbard for the U.S. Knife M3.  It was subsequently converted to an M8A1 by addition of the wire belt hanger.

6.75 171 11.625 295 .590 15.0 Crosspiece:  ordinance 'bomb' with "USM4" over "Imperial"

Pommel:  "Sp" and "148"

Scabbard: "USM8" over "BM Co" on metal. Fiberglass marked "vp 45"

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© Ralph E. Cobb 2010 All Rights Reserved        

USA - Second World War Era Bayonets

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