(click to enlarge)
Type Description Blade


      in. mm. in. mm. in. mm.  
Pattern 1801 Baker Sword
Sword bayonet for the caliber .625 1801 Baker Rifle. The Baker rifle was the first rifled arm officially adopted by the British Army.

The blade markings identify the firm of Hannibal Osborn & John Gunby, who made Baker blades 1808–1838. The blade was hilted in India. This example’s hilt is closely patterned after the British-made Baker Sword.

This 2nd Type example has a D–shaped knuckle guard, where the 1st Type had a rectangular knuckle guard.

This early sword bayonet uses the hirschfanger mounting system, with a lateral mortise (on the side of the grip), a flat spring catch, and no muzzle ring.

Spine: "Osborn & Gunby"

Ricasso (right): Illegible serial number or inspection mark.
Sappers & Miners Socket with sword bayonet for the caliber .733 Pattern 1841 Sappers and Miners Carbine.

Probably made 1845–1860 in India, it is of somewhat cruder construction than the British-made version.

This 2nd Type example lacks the D-shaped knuckle guard found on the 1st Type.

The socket length is 4.00 in. (102 mm.).

22.25 565 26.50 673 .915 23.2 None.
No. I Mk. I** Sword bayonet for use with the .303 caliber Short, Magazine Lee-Enfield No. I Mk. III (SMLE) rifle. The No. I Mk. III rifle was the Indian mainstay during both World Wars and for decades afterward. The Indian government was still manufacturing No. I Mk. III rifles in the 1970s, chambered for the 7.62 mm. NATO cartridge.

Shortened during 1939–1942 from a Pattern 1907 bayonet, which could have been of either British or Indian manufacture. The bayonet would have been blued or painted with stoving at time of conversion.

This example retains none of the original Second World War markings.  The Indian Government crest indicates that factory repair occurred after 1950.  "DP" marking indicates designation for 'drill purpose' (i.e., no longer for primary issue).

Until the British came along 2,000 years later, Ashoka the Great (273 BC–232 BC) was the last time the Indian subcontinent had been united under a single ruler. His symbol, four lions standing back to back, standing atop a lotus beneath the Wheel of Law, was adopted as the emblem of the Government of India in 1950.  Only three lions are visible; the fourth is hidden from view.

11.75 298 16.25 422 .660 16.8 Ricasso: "RFI" and Indian Government "Ashoka The Great" Crest; and, "D.P. 63"
No. I Mk. II* Indian-made sword bayonet for use with the .303 caliber Short, Magazine Lee-Enfield No. I Mk. III (SMLE) rifle.

Unlike the bayonet above, this example is not a cut-down Pattern 1907, but was made with a 12-inch unfullered blade in 1944 in the workshops of the North West Railways.

The famous Bengal & North West Railways (NWR) was formed in the early 1880s and ran until taken over by the Indian Government in 1943.  The NWR carried freight, passengers, and steamship mail from Delhi to the northern frontier of British India and beyond to Peshawar, Pakistan.

During the Second World War, many of the Railway's shops were converted to produce war materiel and this bayonet is an example of their handiwork. This example is in exceptional condition.  Just immaculate.

11.875 302 16.75 425 .655 16.6 Ricasso: "I I" over "N.W.R." over "44"
No. I Mk. III* Indian-made sword bayonet for use with the .303 caliber Short, Magazine Lee-Enfield No. I Mk. III (SMLE) rifle.

This variant was the last, and crudest production type, with a square pommel, and rectangular grips. Unlike the beautiful bluing of the preceding example, these were simply painted black. Approximately 50 percent of the original stoving (paint) remains.

This example retains crisp original Second World War markings, indicating that it likely escaped factory repair. 

12.00 305 16.75 425 .665 16.9 Ricasso: Crown over "G.R.I." (George Rex Imperator) over "Mk. III" over "5  45" over "R.F.I." and various proofmarks.  Large "DP"

Crosspiece:  "DP"

Pommel:  "621"

1A Long Blade Knife bayonet for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber 1A rifle, a variant of the famous FN–FAL. 

This bayonet is closely patterned after the British L1A1 bayonet, except that it has wooden grip scales and a much longer blade. The scabbard is a crude copy of the British No. 5 scabbard, but is longer.

This example was made in 1967 at Rifle Factory Ishapore. 

These bayonets are rather uncommon. Most are found without scabbards. The scabbard is a crude, longer copy of the British No. 5.

Go to the FAL Bayonets Page.

10.00 254 14.00 356 .580 14.7 Ricasso: "R.F.I. - 67"

Pommel:  "485" lined out and "899"

Pattern 1937 Web Belt Frog Pattern 1937 web belt frog for carrying the Pattern 1907 or No. 4 bayonet. This is representative of the typical Second World War web frog used by the British Army.

This example is the first of the two frogs that Carter classified as #154.

It measures 1.50 in. (38 mm.) wide with a 1.25 in. (32 mm.) upper loop and a 1.50 in. (38 mm.) lower loop.

According to Graham Priest's book, Spirit of the Pike, Indian textile firms utilized a different species of cotton, which resulted in this rather coarse weave webbing. K.E.F. is believed to be a private firm, however, its identity is not known.

Go to the Bayonet Belt Frogs Page.

n/a n/a n/a Reverse: "K.E.F. 1943"
© Ralph E. Cobb 2009 All Rights Reserved        

Bayonets of India

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