(click to enlarge)
|Pattern 1801 Baker Sword||Sword bayonet for the caliber .625 1801 Baker Rifle. The Baker rifle was the first rifled arm officially adopted by the British Army.
The blade markings identify the firm of Hannibal Osborn & John Gunby, who made Baker blades 1808–1838. The blade was hilted in India. This example’s hilt is closely patterned after the British-made Baker Sword.
This 2nd Type example has a D–shaped knuckle guard, where the 1st Type had a rectangular knuckle guard.
This early sword bayonet uses the hirschfanger mounting system, with a lateral mortise (on the side of the grip), a flat spring catch, and no muzzle ring.
Spine: "Osborn & Gunby"
Ricasso (right): Illegible serial number or inspection mark.
|Sappers & Miners||Socket with sword bayonet for the caliber .733 Pattern 1841 Sappers and Miners Carbine.
Probably made 1845–1860 in India, it is of somewhat cruder construction than the British-made version.
This 2nd Type example lacks the D-shaped knuckle guard found on the 1st Type.
The socket length is 4.00 in. (102 mm.).
|Indian Conversion Brown Bess Bayonet||Socket bayonet modified for use with .75 caliber Brown Bess flintlock muskets converted to percussion ignition in the 1850s.
This example was originally made ca. 1800 for use with the India Pattern Brown Bess musket. Following British adoption of the Pattern 1853 rifle-musket, many colonial flintlock arms were converted to percussion ignition. The original smoothbore barrels were left in place, so the existing bayonets were modified by brazing a locking ring collar and stop pin to the socket; and installing the locking ring. The socket length measures 4.00 in. (102 mm.). The muzzle length measures 2.00 in. (51 mm.).
The policy of continuing to equip Indian Army units with smoothbore arms long after their obsolescence arose in the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 (Sepoy Rebellion). The Rebellion also led to dissolution of the British East India Company. The Company was largely blamed for allowing issues in the Company's private army to fester and spiral out of control, resulting in a year-long conflict that left 100,000 Indians dead. The Crown swiftly retaliated by nationalizing the Company in 1858; seizing its powers, property, and private army.
This bayonet likely had a service life of nearly 100 years, during which polishing and repair obliterated any markings that once may have been present.
|No. I Mk. I||Sword bayonet for use with the .303 caliber Short, Magazine Lee-Enfield No. I Mk. III (SMLE) rifle. The No. I Mk. III rifle was the Indian mainstay during both World Wars and for decades afterward. The Indian government was still manufacturing No. I Mk. III rifles in the 1970s, chambered for the 7.62 mm. NATO cartridge.
India used the British bayonet designation, Pattern 1907, from 1911 until 1926, when India re-designated it bayonet No. I Mk. I. India preferred the shorter P1903 bayonet, so delayed production of the Pattern 1907 bayonet until 1913, when the Crown forced its adoption for standardization purposes.
This example was made in October 1919 at Rifle Factory Ishapore.
RFI’s production was inefficient, with No. I Mk. III rifle production only totaling to approximately 30,000 from 1910-14. Outbreak of the First World War saw production increase. According to RFI, 36,037 No. I Mk. III rifles were produced during 1918-19. Production is not believed to have exceeded 10,000-14,000 rifles per year during the interwar period. However, expansion and modernization of RFI during the 1920s and 1930s enabled RFI to produce 750,000 rifles and bayonets during 1939-45.
Most of the early RFI bayonets had their blades shortened to 12-inches during the Second World War (like the example pictured below). Examples retaining their original blade length are uncommon. The original markings on this example appear untouched or added to, suggesting that this piece saw minimal rework during its very long service life.
The scabbard is of British manufacture. Both the locket and chape bear maker marks indicating manufacture by the firm, W. J. Hill Ltd. of Birmingham.
|16.75||425||21.5||546||.660||15.8||Ricasso (left): Crown over "G.R.I." (George Rex Imperator) over "1907" over "10 19" over "R.F.I."
Ricasso (right): Broad Arrow over "I" and "IG" over "8" (viewer's mark) and "X" (bend test mark)
Scabbard (locket): "W.J.H." over "B"
Scabbard (chape): "W.J.H." over "B"
|No. I Mk. I**||This example was shortened during 1939–1942 from a Pattern 1907 bayonet, which could have been of either British or Indian manufacture. The bayonet would have been blued or painted with stoving at time of conversion.
This example retains none of the original markings. The Indian Government crest indicates that factory repair occurred after 1950. "DP" marking indicates designation for 'drill purpose' (i.e., no longer for primary issue).
|11.75||298||16.25||422||.660||16.8||Ricasso: "RFI" and Indian Government "Ashoka The Great" Crest; and, "D.P. 63"|
|No. I Mk. II*||Indian-made sword bayonet for use with the .303 caliber Short, Magazine Lee-Enfield No. I Mk. III (SMLE) rifle.
Unlike the bayonet above, this example is not a cut-down Pattern 1907, but was made with a 12-inch unfullered blade in 1944 in the workshops of the North West Railways.
The famous Bengal & North West Railways (NWR) was formed in the early 1880s and ran until taken over by the Indian Government in 1943. The NWR carried freight, passengers, and steamship mail from Delhi to the northern frontier of British India and beyond to Peshawar, Pakistan.
During the Second World War, many of the Railway's shops were converted to produce war materiel and this bayonet is an example of their handiwork. This example is in exceptional condition. Just immaculate.
|11.875||302||16.75||425||.655||16.6||Ricasso: "I I" over "N.W.R." over "44"|
|No. I Mk. III*||Indian-made sword bayonet for use with the .303 caliber Short, Magazine Lee-Enfield No. I Mk. III (SMLE) rifle.
This variant was the last, and crudest production type, with a square pommel, and rectangular grips. Unlike the beautiful bluing of the preceding example, these were simply painted black. Approximately 50 percent of the original stoving (paint) remains.
|12.00||305||16.75||425||.665||16.9||Ricasso: Crown over "G.R.I." (George Rex Imperator) over "Mk. III" over "5 45" over "R.F.I." and various proofmarks. Large "DP"
|1A Long Blade||Knife bayonet for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber 1A rifle, a variant of the famous FN–FAL.
This bayonet is closely patterned after the British L1A1 bayonet, except that it has wooden grip scales and a much longer blade. The scabbard is a crude copy of the British No. 5 scabbard, but is longer.
This example was made in 1967 at Rifle Factory Ishapore.
These bayonets are rather uncommon. Most are found without scabbards. The scabbard is a crude, longer copy of the British No. 5.
|10.00||254||14.00||356||.580||14.7||Ricasso: "R.F.I. - 67"
Pommel: "485" lined out and "899"
|Pattern 1937 Web Belt Frog||Pattern 1937 web belt frog for carrying the Pattern 1907 or No. 4 bayonet. This is representative of the typical Second World War web frog used by the British Army.
This example is the first of the two frogs that Carter classified as #154.
It measures 1.50 in. (38 mm.) wide with a 1.25 in. (32 mm.) upper loop and a 1.50 in. (38 mm.) lower loop.
According to Graham Priest's book, Spirit of the Pike, Indian textile firms utilized a different species of cotton, which resulted in this rather coarse weave webbing. K.E.F. is believed to be a private firm, however, its identity is not known.
|n/a||n/a||n/a||Reverse: "K.E.F. 1943"|
|Return to Bayonet Identification Guide Index|
|© Ralph E. Cobb 2009 All Rights Reserved||Top|
|Society of American Bayonet Collectors|