(click to enlarge)
Sword bayonet for use on the 6.5 mm. Type 38 rifle, 6.5 mm. Type I (Carcano) Rifle, and 7.7 mm. Type 99 rifle. This Japanese bayonet also fits on the older 6.5 mm. Type 30 rifle, whose designation this bayonet shares.
This example is from the 46th series, the 2nd series produced by the Toyoda Jido Shokki Seisakusho (Toyoda Automatic Loom Works), under Nagoya Army Arsenal supervision. Toyoda made bayonets from 1938–1945.
The maker’s mark on this example is of the 2nd style, with the Kanji inside the diamond pointing downward. The earliest 42nd series examples have the Kanji pointing upward. A 3rd style is found on wartime examples with a rectangular Kanji (no point).
This is an early example with a highly polished, fullered blade; hooked quillion, contoured grips fastened with screws set in escutcheons; and, a contoured birds-head pommel.
The scabbard is a later pattern with tubular end (instead of a ball tip).
Toyoda Automatic Loom Works began producing automobiles in 1933. In 1937, the automobile department became a separate company which grew into what is known today as Toyota Motor Sales.
Ricasso: Figure-eight inside a circle (Nagoya Arsenal mark) and diamond with a rectangle inside (Toyoda Automatic Loom Works mark)
Pommel: Series 46 cana and "19488"
|Type 30||Mid-War Type 30 bayonet with highly polished, blued, fullered blade; straight crosspiece, contoured wraparound grips, fastened with rivets; and, flat birds-head pommel.
These bayonets were produced along with Mid-War 7.7 mm. Type 99 Short Rifles, during the transition from standard designs to substitute-standard manufacturing simplifications. The scabbard is also the wartime pattern with tubular end (instead of ball).
Made by Matsushita Kinzoku KK (Matsushita Metalworking Corp.), under Kokura Army Arsenal supervision. Matsushita Kinzoku was a subsidiary of Matshusita National Denki (Matsushita National Electric Co.). They were founded in 1918 to make consumer household electric appliances and have evolved into the present-day Panasonic Corporation.
|15.625||397||20.00||508||.555||14.1||Ricasso: Stacked cannonballs (Kokura Arsenal mark) and "M" with an arrow through it.
Pommel: Japanese characters followed by "43755"
|Substitute-Standard Type 30||Late-war substitute-standard or "last-ditch" sword bayonet. These bayonets were produced along with the 7.7 mm. Substitute-Standard Type 99 Short Rifle, although they will mount to any of the Japanese infantry rifles.
This example was made by the Hikari Seiki Seisakusho KK (Precision Optical Manufacturing Corp.), under Kokura Army Arsenal supervision, in 1945. The 95th series was the final series produced by Hikari Seiki.
This bayonet exhibits the simplified manufacture typical of late-war substitute-standard bayonets:
The scabbard is made of wood, with minimal steel mounts, held together with string.
|15.625||397||20.00||508||.560||14.2||Ricasso: "Four cannonballs" and "Hourglass" markings.
Tang (upper): 95th series cana and "33592"
|Type 30 Pole Bayonet||The final and most crude Type 30 bayonet variant, the pole bayonet was lashed to a wooden pole to create a makeshift pike.
The pole bayonet lacked the mortise, press stud, and muzzle ring needed for mounting to a rifle. They were produced in anticipation of the need to arm the Japanese civil population to repel the expected American invasion of the Japanese Home Islands.
This example was made at Jinsen Arsenal in Japanese-occupied Korea. Jinsen was the Japanese name for the Korean seaport of Inchon. Inchon was the site of the first naval battle of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05. Japan occupied Korea from 1905–1945. Following outbreak of the Korean War, in 1950, Inchon was the site of the famous amphibious assault led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, claiming one of the most decisive strategic victories in modern warfare.
|15.625||397||19.125||486||n/a||Ricasso: Jinsen "Star" mark
Tang: "28001" and inspection marks
|Type 30 School Bayonet||Crudely made bayonet for use on school training rifles. School rifles and bayonets were used for military drill, which was a normal part of high school curriculum from the early 1930s through the end of the Second World War.
School (or 'Trainer') rifles and bayonets were made in local workshops of scrap rifle parts, soft steel and cast metal. The rifles fired only blanks, caps, or were non-firing "clicker" models. The fit and finish of these bayonets are inferior to the Army issue pieces, as they weren't expected to stand up to the rigors of service use.
The Japanese Army and Naval Landing Forces used regular service bayonets for bayonet training.
This example will mount to a service rifle. However, many school bayonets will not, because school bayonets were not made to government specifications.
This example exhibits rather good workmanship for a school bayonet. Common characteristics that differentiate school bayonets from service bayonets include:
|15.50||394||20.25||514||.570||14.5||Grip (Right): A large "6" or "9" neatly struck or burned into the wood.|
|Type 30 School Bayonet||Another example of a trainer bayonet, that is crude in the extreme.
This example will not mount on a service rifle, due to the smaller muzzle ring (0.550–0.570 in. [14.0–14.5 mm.] was typical for a standard Army-issue bayonet).
This scabbard has a simple welded frog loop and integral throat. In his book, Bayonets of Japan, Ray LaBar indicates that this scabbard is a late-war type most often observed on school bayonets.
|Leather Belt Frog||Leather belt frog for carrying the Type 30 bayonet used on the Type 38 and Type 99 rifles.
The frog measures 8.00 in. (203 mm.) long by 2.25 in. (57 mm.) wide.
Carter classified this frog as #351. LaBar classified it as LBF #57.
According to Carter, this type frog was probably made post-1940. An oval opening in the frog was to allow a cloth strap on the tunic to pass under the belt, through the frog opening, to a button on the uniform. This was supposed to keep the weight of the bayonet from pulling the soldier's belt down at the side.
|Composition Belt Frog||Composition belt frog for carrying the Type 30 bayonet used on the Type 38 and Type 99 rifles.
The frog measures 7.75 in. (197 mm.) long by 2.875 in. (73 mm.) wide.
Carter classified this frog as #361. LaBar classified this frog as LBF #23.
The frog is made of layers of cloth, impregnated with glue, as a substitute for leather. The frontpiece is attached with stitching and reinforced with rivets. However, the belt loops are formed using glue alone.
Although in quite good condition, the frog is stiff and hard as wood. It cannot be removed from the scabbard without damage.
|Bayonet Flag||Small silk flag with corner ties.
Flag measures 14.75 in. (375 mm.) by 12.00 in. (305 mm.).
These flags are often seen in Second World War photographs, tied to a fixed bayonet. The image at left shows the flag tied to a Type 30 bayonet affixed to a 6.5 mm. Type I Naval Rifle.
|© Ralph E. Cobb 2010 All Rights Reserved|
|Society of American Bayonet Collectors|