(click to enlarge)
Type Description Blade


Plug Bayonet European plug bayonet, possibly from one of Italy's sovereign city-states of the late 17th Century. I believe this bayonet is most likely military, due to its plain features. It has a double-edged, unfullered blade. The thin brass crosspiece has pierced finials. The ribbed wood grip is approximately .780 in. (19.8 mm.) diameter.

The ribbed grip tends to be more common on Italian plugs, although they are found on some others as well. It may be an 18th Century hunting piece, however, its utilitarian styling speaks of military origin. However, it is not one of the documented military styles, so it is unclear who made and used this particular bayonet.

Surviving military plug bayonets are very scarce. Because of this, I may never be able to precisely identify or date this piece. If military, the most likely period of manufacture is the latter part of the 17th Century, circa 1690.

12.125 308 16.875 429 n/a None.
M1871 Sword bayonet for use with the 10.4 mm. M1871 Vetterli and M1871/87 Vetterli-Vitali rifles. Also mounts to the 6.5 mm. M1871/87/16 Vetterli-Carcano rifle.

This example was made at Reale Fabbrica d' Armi di Torino (Arms Factory of Turin).

This is a very early example, with the long spring and without the cut out lower muzzle ring that Carter indicates was introduced in 1875. This example has it's original composition grip scales.

Many M1871 bayonets were subsequently shortened and/or had the lower quillion removed, making unaltered examples very desirable to collectors.

20.25 514 25.375 645 .690 17.5 Ricasso (left): proofmark

Ricasso (right): proofmark and "Torino"

Crosspiece: "DC 641"

Pommel: "RC" inside an oval

Knife bayonet for use on the 6.5 mm M1891 Mannlicher-Carcano rifles and most M1891 carbines.  This bayonet will not mount to the M1891 Cavalry Carbine (Moschetto da Cavalleria), 2nd model M1891 TS Carbine (Moschetto per Truppe Speciali), or the M1938 Short Rifle (Fucile Corto).

These bayonets had nearly a 50 year service life. Scabbards can be leather with either brass or steel fittings, ribbed steel, or smooth steel.

This example does not have any maker markings.

Crosspiece:  "VG 6360"
M1891 This example was made at Fabbrica D'Armi Di Terni (Firearms Manufacturing of Terni) and has a ribbed steel scabbard. 11.75 298 16.25 413 .510 13.0 Ricasso (Left):  "Terni" inside an oval.

Crosspiece:  "DF643"

M1891 TS Knife bayonet for use on the 6.5 mm. Mannlicher-Carcano M1891 TS Carbine (Moschetto Modello 91 per Truppe Speciali or Carbine M1891 for Special Troops). M1891 TS Carbines were intended for Artillery and Engineers.

This bayonet is for use with the M1891 TS Carbine 2nd variant, which had a unique transverse bayonet lug requiring the bayonet to be placed over the muzzle, then slid sideways on to the bayonet lug from left to right. This arrangement required the bayonet's press stud to be at the rear of the pommel.

The bayonet is sometimes referred to as the M1891/97, because the M1891 TS Carbine was first produced in 1897. However, this is a misnomer, as the the earliest TS Carbines had a conventional bayonet lug. The 2nd M1891 TS Carbine variant, with the unique bayonet mounting system, was first produced in 1900.

This example was made at Fabbrica Nationale d'Armi, Brescia (National Arms Factory at Brescia). Based on the serial number, the carbine with which this example was last issued was made at Brescia in 1917.

This rather odd mounting system was not continued on subsequent Italian bayonets nor was something similar produced by other countries. Many 2nd variant M1891 TS Carbines were subsequently converted to use the conventional M1891 bayonet, making surviving examples uncommon today.

11.75 298 16.50 419 .510 13.0 Ricasso: "Brescia"

Crosspiece: "AS 5192"

M1938 Unique folding knife bayonet for use on the Mannlicher-Carcano M1938 Short Rifle (fucile corto). These rifles were produced in both 6.5 mm. and 7.35 mm.

This example is the push-button folding model, where blade folds into handle like a pocket knife.  This was done because the bayonet was intended to remain fixed to the rifle.

This did not work well in practice, so the folding feature was discontinued and a steel scabbard provided. Most scabbards have a frog stud, however, some have a belt loop (like this example).

The overall length listed is with the blade extended. Overall length with the blade folded is 8.50 in. (215 mm.).

6.875 175 11.375 289 .505 12.8 Tang: "PS" inside oval.  "187" and small circle with raised "PB"
Belt Frog Green leather belt frog used by the Italian Army during the Second World War for carrying the M1891 and M1938 bayonets.

9.375 in (240 mm.) long x 2.75 in. (70 mm.) wide.

Carter classified this frog as #337.

Bayonet Belt Frogs Page

n/a n/a n/a None.
Click for large image of the Italian M1 bayonetClick for large image of the Italian M1 bayonet hiltClick for large image of the Italian M1 bayonet serial numberClick for large image of the number 64 stamped on Italian M1 bayonetClick for large image of the Italian M1 bayonet scabbardClick for large image of the Italian M1 bayonet scabbard belt hanger (front)Click for large image of the Italian M1 bayonet scabbard belt hanger (reverse) M1 Knife bayonet for use on the caliber .30–06 U.S. M1 Garand rifle. This bayonet is an Italian-made copy of the US M1 bayonet.

The USA provided 122,185 M1 Rifles to Italy between 1950 and 1963 under the Military Assistance Program. Beretta and Breda also manufactured M1 Garand rifles and developed the BM–59 selective-fire rifle.

The scabbard is patterned on the U.S. M7 scabbard, but has a web belt hanger, rather than the U.S. M1910-style wire belt hanger. A second Italian scabbard used with the M1 bayonet has a leather body with steel mounts, similar to the scabbards used with the M1871 Vetterli and M1891 Carcano bayonets (see M4 scabbard below).


9.625 244 14.125 359 .625 15.9 Ricasso (left): "78493"

Ricasso (right): "64"

Thumbnail image of Italian M4 bayonet with leather scabbardThumbnail image of Italian M4 bayonet with leather scabbardThumbnail image of Italian M4 bayonet with leather scabbardThumbnail image of Italian M4 bayonet with leather scabbardThumbnail image of Italian M4 bayonet with leather scabbardThumbnail image of Italian M4 bayonet with leather scabbardThumbnail image of Italian M4 bayonet with leather scabbard M4 Bayonet-knife for use on the caliber .30 U.S. Carbine M1.

The USA provided 146,863 M1 Carbines to Italy between 1950 and 1963 under the Military Assistance Program. The M1 Carbine had a lengthy service life in Italy, well into the 1990s. Carbines remaining in Italian stores were returned to the USA in the mid-2000s and sold to collectors via the Civilian Marksmanship Program.

This example is either not U.S.G.I. or has been heavily reworked. Any markings it may have had are gone, the blade has been reground, and the peening on the tang is not U.S.G.I.

The scabbard has a leather body, constructed similar to the M1871 and M1891 scabbards. The leather body and steel mounts are painted green. The khaki tan-colored web belt hanger is patterned on the US M8A1 design. M4 bayonets are also found in the scabbard pictured with the BM59 bayonet below.
6.25 159 11.25 286 .590 15.0 None.
BM59 AR70 Knife bayonet for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber BM59 selective-fire rifle and 5.56 mm. NATO Caliber AR70 assault rifle.

The bayonet is closely patterned after the U.S. bayonet-knife M4 . The grip scales are brown plastic. The crosspiece has a unique "hourglass" profile and a large muzzle ring to accommodate the BM59's "tri-compensator" muzzle device. The scabbard is a U.S. M8 clone, with the body made of fiberglass with an olive green gel coat. The belt hanger is made of khaki tan cotton webbing.

Not much is known about the production of these bayonets. The BM59 had a very long service life with the Italian Army, finally being retired in 1990. The Italian Army began using the AR70 in 1979 and it continues in use to the present day.

The BM59 was also used by Indonesia, where it was designated SP.1. Indonesia produced their own bayonet for use with the SP.1.

6.625 168 11.50 292 .870 22.1 Scabbard (belt hanger): "30128"
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Bayonets of Italy

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