(click to enlarge)
Bayonet-knife for use on the caliber .30–06 M1 Garand rifle.
This bayonet was produced by A. Eickhorn-Solingen (AES), in West Germany, for the government of Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier of Haiti. It is believed that a the bayonets were produced in 1985–86, but deliveries had not began by February 1986, when Duvalier went into exile. AES stopped production and sold what they had already produced on the commercial market.
These bayonets are very well made, exhibiting a level of fit and finish not found on U.S.-made examples. The blade has the characteristic AES plum-colored finish and the unique Haitian serial number. The grip is secured with Phillips-head screws.
The scabbard differs from the U.S. M8A1 in that the lower is made of molded plastic without a metal tip protector. Note how large the tie hole in the tip is, compared to a U.S.-made M8A1 scabbard.
Haiti received 799 M1 Garand rifles in 1963 via the U.S. Military Assistance Program (MAP), just before U.S. government aid was cut off by the Kennedy Administration over the increasingly corrupt and repressive actions of Haitian dictator, François "Papa Doc" Duvalier. Haiti is believed to have obtained additional M1 Garand rifles through commercial arms purchases. In any case, the number of bayonets contracted for in 1985 would have been relatively small.Ironically, some of Haiti’s M1 Garand rifles were seized by U.S. Forces during Operation Uphold Democracy in 1994–95. These were returned to the U.S. and given to the Civilian Marksmanship Program (CMP), who put them into their regular inventory and shipped them to civilian purchasers who never knew the history of the rifle they received.
Crosspiece: "US M5A1"
Scabbard: "U.S. M8A1"
|M6||Bayonet-knife for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber U.S. M14 selective-fire rifle.
The history and construction are as described for the M5A1 bayonet above. The blade marking, F A D'H, is an abbreviation for Forces Armées d'Haiti. The scabbard markings are different than on the scabbard, above, and the tie string is present on this example.Haiti received 1,250 M14 rifles in 1976 via the MAP (the Nixon Administration resumed U.S. government aid in 1973). Again, the number of bayonets contracted for in 1985 would have been small. I haven’t been able to confirm whether any M14 rifles were seized by U.S. Forces during Operation Uphold Democracy. If they were, they would have simply been returned to U.S. military stores to await re-issue to U.S. or foreign military forces.
|6.50||165||11.25||286||.725||18.4||Blade: "2552 - F A D'H"
Crosspiece: "US M6"
Scabbard: "U.S. M8A1" over "Made in W. Germany"
|Uzi||Knife bayonet for use with the 9 mm. Uzi submachine gun.
The Haitian Uzi bayonet is similar to the Uzi bayonet used by Israel. The bayonet has black plastic grip scales. The blade markings are uniquely Haitian. The press stud has an unusual central screw slot. The scabbard has a plastic body and round metal frog stud, similar to the FAL Type B bayonet. The South African Uzi variant, designated S1, has sheet steel grip scales.
This example came in the web belt frog pictured below.
Haiti purchased arms from Israel during the 1970s and 1980s, including Uzi submachine guns (600 according to one source). According to the Arab Studies Group, Israel shipped Uzi submachine guns to Haiti 1974-77. The New York Times reported that Haiti received a shipment of Israeli-made Uzi’s ca. 1981 and that a subsequent shipment was seized by European authorities in 1983.
These Haitian Uzi bayonets were probably manufactured by Israel Military Industries Ltd. (IMI) or, more likely, the Belgian firearms giant Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal (FN Herstal), and supplied along with Uzi submachine guns that armed the notorious Tonton Macoutes militia. Following restoration of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide by Operation Uphold Democracy, the Uzi’s went to the newly-formed Police Nationale d’Haïti (Haitian National Police).
Tonton Macoutes was the common name given to the Milice Volontaires de la Sécurité Nationale (Militia of National Security Volunteers). In a Haitian fable, Tonton Macoutes was an evil spirit that kidnapped misbehaving children at night and stored them in his knapsack, never to be seen again.
|Belt Frog||Green web belt frog used to carry the Uzi bayonet pictured above.
This appears identical to the Post-war Belgian belt frog used with the SAFN 1949 and FAL bayonets. This further suggests that the Haitian Uzi bayonets were likely produced by FN Herstal.
The frog measures 6.75 in. (171 mm.) long by 1.125 in. (29 mm.) wide.
Based on the British Pattern 1937 design, this example is made of olive green cotton webbing. It has a unique reinforcement providing a double thickness of webbing on the reverse where the frog would contact the equipment belt. The wide hilt strap floating loose inside the belt loop is characteristic of Belgian frogs.
This frog was not classified by Carter.
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