Pictures
(click to enlarge)
Type Description Blade
Length
Overall
Length

Muzzle
Ring
Diameter

Markings
      in. mm. in. mm. in. mm.  


M1891 Sword bayonet for use on the 7.65 mm. Argentine M1891 Mauser rifle.

The rifle with which this example was issued was made in 1900 by Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken (DWM).

Most have aluminum alloy grips, like this example. Some have brass grips. There has been a lot of fiction spread regarding the brass grips being for the Navy, for NCO's, and the like. None of that is true. According to Webster's well-documented book on Argentine Military Rifles:

The aluminum grip scales were part of an effort to lighten the bayonet. The grip metal is an alloy of aluminum, with 6 percent copper.

Argentina opted for the 15.75 inch blade, after seeing that Chile was going to adopt a shorter (10-inch blade) bayonet for their Mausers. However, the prototype bayonets turned out heavier than the Argentines liked, so they made a number of design changes (thinner blade, slimmer hilt, and others).

They went ahead with the brass grip scales, initially, so as not to further delay production. Brass-gripped bayonets were made 1892–93. Production switched to aluminum grip, mid-1893, after producing 40,000 brass grip bayonets.  190,000 aluminum grip bayonets were made, 1893–1898.

The "RA" inside an oval is an Argentine property mark, representing Republica Argentino. This replaced the earlier "E.N" Ejercito Nacional (National Army) property mark.

Most M1891 rifles and bayonets were exported to the USA in the 1950s and 1960s, when Argentine export laws required that the national crest be ground away before being sold.

15.75 400 20.50 521 .615 15.6 Ricasso (left): "Weyersberg" over "Kirschbaum & Co." over "Solingen"

Ricasso (right): "Modelo Argentino 1891" in arc over Argentine Crest (ground) over "U4374"

Spine: Star-A proofmark

Pommel: "RA" inside an oval

Scabbard: "U4374" at top. "RA" inside an oval on ball finial.

M1891/31 Engineer's Carbine Knife bayonet for use with the 7.65 mm. M1891/31 Engineer's Carbine.

The bayonet is a modified M1879 sword bayonet, formerly used with the 11.15 mm. M1879 Remington rolling-block rifle. This example was originally made by the firm of W. R. Kirschbaum of Solingen, Germany.

It was modified into its present configuration in 1931, when Argentina added a bayonet lug to the M1891 Mauser Cavalry Carbine for use by military engineers. 5,000 cavalry carbines were converted by the Argentine automobile maker HAFDASA—Hispano Argentina Fabrica de Automoviles Sociedad Anonima (Spanish-Argentine Automobile Factory, Incorporated).

The modified carbines and bayonets are designated the M1891/31 Engineer's Carbine. Modifications to the bayonet included shortening the blade, cutting off the muzzle-ring, and replacing the muzzle-ring with the strange trapezoidal wedge, which slides into part of the carbine's jury-rigged bayonet mount. The scabbards were shortened by cutting a section out of the middle and crudely brazing the two ends together.

The unusual trapezoidal muzzle ring is unique to this bayonet. Strange and unique mounting systems are a common characteristic of bayonets made for rifles that weren't originally intended to mount a bayonet.

9.75 248 14.625 371 n/a Ricasso (left): "W.R. Kirschbaum" over "Solingen"

Ricasso: (right): "C 9373"

Crosspiece (face): "5"

Scabbard (body): "C 9373"



M1909 Sword bayonet for use on the 7.65 mm. M1909 Argentine Mauser rifle, which was derived from the famous 8 mm. Mauser Gewehr 98.

M1909 bayonets were made by the firm Weyersberg, Kirschbaum & Co. of Solingen, Germany. W.K.C. produced approximately 170,000 bayonets from 1909–1912.

The rifle with which this example was issued was made in 1910 by Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken (DWM).

The first 3,000 M1909 bayonets had a low Mauser 98 type muzzle ring. These are scarce today. Most M1909 bayonets were made with the higher Mauser 91 style muzzle ring and used the Ricchieri Adapter to allow interchange of bayonets between the M1891 and M1909 rifles.

 

15.75 400 20.50 521 .615 15.6 Ricasso (left): "Weyersberg" over "Kirschbaum & Co." over "Solingen"

Ricasso (right): "Modelo Argentino 1909" in arc over Argentine Crest over "B2943"

Spine: Star-A proofmark

Pommel: "RA" inside an oval

Scabbard: "B2943" at top. "RA" inside an oval on ball finial.

M1909/47 Sword bayonet for use with the 7.65 mm. M1909/47 Mauser Carbines. This bayonet will also mount to the earlier M1891 and M1909 infantry rifles. 

The M1909/47 is an indigenous copy of the M1909 bayonet.  19,072 M1909/47 bayonets were made 1947–59, along with a similar number of M1909 carbines.  The M1909 carbine with which this bayonet was issued was made in 1953.

The M1909/47 carbines and bayonets were produced under the auspices of the Direccion General de Fabricaciones Militares (Directorate General of Military Production), at the Fabrica Militar de Armas Portailes (Army Portable Weapons Factory) in Santa Fe.  This factory was also known as the “Domingo Matheu” factory, named after a founding member of Argentina’s first independent national government, the Primera Junta (First Assembly).  The vast majority of Domingo Matheu production was for the Army, however, small quantities of carbines and bayonets were also made for civil police and security organizations.

This example was one of only 905 bayonets made for the Gendarmerie Nacional.  Two gendarmerie variants exist, with the first 500 bayonets bearing the Argentine Crest on the ricasso and the remaining 405 lacking the crest.  This example is the 2nd type, bearing serial number 00768.  The Argentine-made scabbard has a somewhat more flattened and slightly rectangular, cross-section, compared with the oval cross-section of the German M1909 scabbards.

The Gendarmerie Nacional was formed in 1938 as a paramilitary force to relieve the regular army of border security duties.  The Gendarmerie ’s mission later expanded to include police and internal security duties as well.  The Gendarmerie Nacional were among the Argentine forces to engage the British during the Falklands War of 1982.
15.75 400 20.50 521 .615 15.6 Ricasso (left): "D.G.F.M.-(F.M.A.P.)" over "Sable Bayoneta" over "Mauser" over "Mod.-1909"

Ricasso (right): "G.N." over "00768"

Scabbard (body): "015268" over "00768"

Ricchieri Adapter Adapter designed by Gen. Pablo Ricchieri to allow use of M1891 bayonets with the M1909 rifle. Upon adoption of Ricchieri's adapter, M1909 bayonets were made with the high M1891 muzzle ring to allow use with either rifle.

These adapters were also used extensively by Spain and are found pinned to the bayonet lug of Spanish M1943 Short Rifles.

Gen. Ricchieri was responsible for the introduction of Mauser rifles, mandatory military service, and the overall modernization of the Argentine Army in the latter years of the 19th Century. Gen. Ricchieri died in 1936.

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Belt Frog
Leather belt frog used with the M1891 and M1909 bayonets. Also used with the M1909 artillery short sword. Made of thick, stiff green leather with a hilt strap.

These green leather frogs date from the 1970s. The frog measures 9.375 in (240 mm) long x 2.75 in (70 mm) wide.

This frog was not classified by Carter. Documented as Argentine by Maddox in his book, Collecting Bayonets.

Go to the Bayonet Belt Frogs Page.

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Thumbnail image of Argentine SAFN 1949 bayonetThumbnail image of Argentine SAFN 1949 bayonetThumbnail image of Argentine SAFN 1949 bayonetThumbnail image of Argentine SAFN 1949 bayonetThumbnail image of Argentine SAFN 1949 bayonet SAFN 1949 Knife bayonet for use on the 7.65 x 53 mm. Saive Automatique, Fabrique Nationale (SAFN) Modèle 1949 self-loading rifle produced for Argentina by FN in 1953.

The ricasso marking and serial number on the pommel end are diagnostic of Argentine SAFN 1949 bayonets. "ARA" is an abbreviation for Armada de la República Argentina, as the Argentine Navy was the Country's user of the SAFN 1949 rifle (the Argentine Army received M1 Garand rifles from the USA, later having Beretta convert them into BM-59 selective-fire rifles.

Only 5,636 SAFN 1949 rifles were produced for Argentina, making these bayonets an uncommon SAFN 1949 bayonet variant.

This bayonet type was also used by Belgium, Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, and Luxembourg. The finish on Argentine bayonets is blued. Venezuela used the M1924/49 sword bayonet, a variant of the Mauser M1924 export bayonet on their SAFN 1949 rifles.

8.875 225 14.00 356 .720 18.3 Ricasso: "A R A"

Pommel: "1308"

FAL Type A Knife bayonet for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber Fabrique Nationale - Fusil Automatique Leger (Light Automatic Rifle), or FN–FAL, assault rifle.

According to Argentine collector-researcher Gustavo Pablo Fierro, Argentina began using the FAL in the late 1950s, first purchasing them from FN, then assembling rifles in Argentina. Similarly, bayonets were first purchased and later manufactured in Argentina at the Domingo Matheu Factory in Santa Fe.

This example was manufactured in Argentina. Argentine-made scabbards are more pointed, while European-made scabbards are more radiused.

Go to the FAL Bayonets Page.

7.625 194 12.375 314 .600 15.2 Pommel:  "57857"

Mortise: "Z"

M1 Carbine Knife bayonet for use with the caliber .30 U.S. Carbine M1. The bayonet is a modified M1891 sword bayonet, formerly used with the 7.65 mm. M1891 Mauser rifle.

Argentina purchased 12,621 M1 Carbines from the USA in 1963. M1 Carbine serial number 3823316 was produced by International Business Machines (IBM).

Modifications to the bayonet included:

—Shortening the blade;
—Replacing the original crosspiece;
—Lengthening the hilt by moving the    crosspiece .375 in. (10 mm.) farther    along the blade;
—Replacing the the original grip scales;    and,
—Grinding a clearance notch in the    pommel.

The grip serrations appear to have been ground after casting, rather than having been molded in to the casting. The grip scales are secured by aluminum rivets that have been ground flush.

This image comparing the hilt to an unmodified M1891 bayonet illustrates the totality of these modifications.

The original scabbard was shortened using the same method as was used in shortening M1879 scabbards for use with the M1891/31 Engineer's Carbine bayonet.

6.50 165 11.00 279 .600 15.2 Ricasso:"3823316"

Spine: Star-A proofmark

Belt Frog Nylon belt frog used by the Argentine Marines with the FAL Type A bayonet.

The body is made of material very similar to that used in automotive seat belts.

The unusual brass grommet design secures the scabbard with the frog stud facing inwards.

The frog measures 8.75 in. (222 mm.) long by 1.875 in. (48 mm.) wide.

This frog was not classified by Carter.

Go to the Bayonet Belt Frogs Page.

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Bayonets of Argentina

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