(click to enlarge)
Comblain Cadet Yataghan
A diminutive yataghan sword bayonet for a scaled-down rifle, as would be used in a military boarding school for young boys. Very well made, with good attention to detail. Definitely not a toy.
These bayonets likely date from the 1880s. The picture at lower left shows this bayonet next to a French M1866 bayonet to provide a size comparison.
"Yataghan" is derived from the Turkish word for "one who lays down" to describe the downward-sweeping double-curve blade profile. The double-curve added strength and rigidity, while keeping the hilt and point in alignment for thrusting efficiency.
When I found this piece, noted bayonet collector, Dr. Jim Maddox (author of Collecting Bayonets), wrote to me, indicating:
|M1904||Sword bayonet for use with the 7 mm. M1904 Mauser-Vergueiro rifle.
The M1904 was adopted by Brazil for use by the paramilitary police force in the (then) national capitol of Rio De Janeiro. The ricasso marking is the Brazilian national crest, over "F.P.D.F." (Força Pública Distrito Federal).
According to author/researcher Paul Scarlata, DWM built 5,000 M1904 rifles chambered in 7 mm. for Brazil in 1906.
The Brazilian M1904 sword bayonet is historically-significant in two ways:
The comparison image at left illustrates how the M1904 bayonet's scale is mid-way between the M1880 Comblain (or French M1866) bayonet and the Cadet Comblain Yataghan. The M1904's overall length equals the M1880 Comblain's blade length, while the Cadet Comblain's overall length equals the M1904's blade length.
|17.562||446||22.375||568||.615||15.6||Ricasso: Brazilian National Crest over "F.P.D.F."|
|M1908||Knife bayonet for use with the 7 mm. M1908 Mauser rifle produced for Brazil by DWM in Germany. The M1908 was closely patterned on the Gewehr 98 rifle used by Germany.
These bayonets were made from 1908–1914 by several German blade makers. This example was made by Simson & Co. of Suhl, Germany. The firm of Alex Coppel also made bayonets.
The German-made scabbard has a leather body with a brass locket and chape.
|11.75||298||17.00||432||.620||15.7||Ricasso: "Simson & Co." over "Suhl"
Blade: "RB" inside an oval
Scabbard: "7682" on frog stud
|Another M1908, made by Weyersberg Kirschbaum & Co. of Solingen, Germany.
"FI" is an abbreviation for Fabrica de Itajuba, the Brazilian state arms factory. This identifies the scabbard as a Brazilian-made replacement scabbard. These later scabbards have a leather body with deeply blued steel mounts.
|11.75||298||17.00||432||.620||15.7||Ricasso: "W. K. & Cie" over "Solingen"
Blade: Teardrop over "β" (beta) inspection mark
Pommel: "β" (beta) inspection mark
Scabbard: "F I" inside an oval on frog stud
|M1908/34||Sword bayonet for use with the .30–06 caliber Mauser M1908/34 Short Rifle.
The M1908/34 Short Rifles were converted from 7 mm. M1908 rifles
at the State arms factory, Fabrica de Itajuba.
The bayonets were made in Czechoslovakia at Československá zbrojovka a.s., Brno. There is a tiny circle-Z mark on the crosspiece.
Construction is similar to the M1908, except for the longer blade and the grip scales are secured by screw bolts.
This scabbard is unusual, in that the brass locket and chape are salvaged from an earlier M1908 scabbard, rather than the heavily blued steel locket and chape normally found on M1908/34 scabbards.
|14.875||378||20.00||508||.615||15.6||Crosspiece (right):"1452" over "C" and "β" (beta) inspection mark
Crosspiece (left):"Z" inside a circle
Pommel (top): "β" (beta) inspection mark
Scabbard (locket): "3002" and "4"
Scabbard (frog stud): "F" and "1" (remains of old M1908 serial number)
|FAL Type C||This example has the M1965 spring catch and a black paint finish. The scabbard is plastic, with an integral cotton web belt hanger.
The snap fastener on the belt frog is marked "Eberle." Eberle S.A. is a Brazilian firm that manufactures, among other things, textile fasteners. The identification of this bayonet as having been made by IMBEL is based on the identification of the belt hanger's fasteners. IMBEL is an abbreviation for Industry Material Bélico do Brasil (Military Material Industry of Brasil), the State arms factory formerly known as Fabrica de Itajuba.
|6.75||165||11.375||289||.890||22.6||Snap (belt hanger): "Eberle"|
(FAL Type C)
|A commercial bayonet shipped with the Springfield Armory Inc. SAR–48 rifle. The SAR–48 rifles were semi-auto FAL rifles produced by IMBEL in Brazil for commercial sale in the USA by Springfield Armory Inc.
This example would have been produced in the 1980s. The bayonet is unmarked, with a black paint finish overall.
The scabbard has a plastic body, with an integral nylon web belt frog. The throatpiece is positioned so the socket faces outward. The belt frog has the U.S. M1910-style wire belt hanger. The hilt strap button is made of copper.
The SAR–48 bayonet is unusual in being of late manufacture, but having the M1963 serrated spring catch.
|6.375||162||11.375||289||.890||22.6||Snap and Rivets (belt hanger): "Eberle"|
|Mosquetão M968||Knife bayonet for use with the Mosquetão 7,62mm Modelo 968 (Carbine 7.62 mm. Model M968).
The MQ M968 is a variant of the .30–06 caliber Mauser M954 rifle and is used by the Brazilian Army for basic training. It is unofficially referred to as the "Mosquefal" due to modifications that enable it to use the ammunition and rifle grenade accessories of the FAL assault rifle.
The MQ M968 bayonet is a modification of earlier M1908 knife bayonets used with the 7 mm. Mauser M1908 rifle. The blade was cut down from 11.75 in. (298 mm.) to 6.50 in. (165 mm.). The original hooked crosspiece was replaced by a straight crosspiece with a much larger muzzle ring. All of the metal was bead-blasted and parkerized. The wood grip scales are secured by screw-bolts.
The scabbard has a plastic body, with an integral nylon web belt frog. The belt frog has the U.S. M1910-style wire belt hanger. The hilt strap button is made of copper.
The scabbard is patterned after those produced in Brazil for the FAL Type C bayonet. However, this scabbard was made especially for use with the MQ M968 bayonet. The MQ M968 scabbard has a rectangular throatpiece, instead of the semi-circular throatpiece used for the FAL Type C bayonet.
Snap (belt hanger): "Eberle"
|© Ralph E. Cobb 2010 All Rights Reserved|
|Society of American Bayonet Collectors|