Pictures
(click to enlarge)
Type Description Blade
Length
Overall
Length

Muzzle
Ring
Diameter

Markings
      in. mm. in. mm. in. mm.  
Thumbnail image, overall view of M1854 socket bayonetThumbnail image of M1854 socketThumbnail image of partial unit marking on M1854 elbowThumbnail image of inspection markings on M1854 elbowThumbnail image of M1854 blade, overhead viewThumbnail image of M1854 blade, bottom view M1854 Socket bayonet for use with the 13.9 mm. (.54 caliber) M1854 Lorenz rifle. This bayonet was also used with the M1854/67 Wanzl breech loading conversions.

The M1854 bayonet is easily identified by the helical mortise and flattened cruciform blade profile. The socket length measures 3.187 in. (81 mm.).

The Lorenz was imported in quantity by both sides during the U.S. Civil War. The Union imported over 225,000 and the Confederacy perhaps as many as 100,000, making the Lorenz second only to the .577 caliber Enfield rifle-musket, as the most common imported firearm.

 

19.00 483 22.187 564 .755 19.2 Elbow (left): Starburst and circle-L

Elbow (right): "61.280."

Click on the image to view information and additional images on the Siam Page.

M1888 Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. M1888 Mannlicher rifle.

 

9.75 248 14.75 375 .655 16.6  
M1895
Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. M1895 Mannlicher rifle, which was produced in great quantities prior to and during the First World War.

Made at Oesterreichsche Waffenfabrik-Gesellschaft (Austrian State Weapons Manufacturing Company) in Steyr. This firm is still in business today, known simply as, Steyr.

The M1895 bayonet was the first knife bayonet to feature an inverted blade profile, where cutting edge faces upward when fixed.

9.625
244
14.00
356
.590
15.0
Ricasso: Austrian (Hapsburg) Imperial Eagle and "OE" over "WG"

Crosspiece:  "32 30"

Pommel:  "7"

Scabbard:  "OE" over "WG"

Belt Frog Tooled brown leather belt frog for carrying the M1895 bayonet.

Measures 8.50 in. (216 mm.) long by 2.50 in. (64 mm.) wide at the widest point.

Carter classified this frog as #29.

Bayonet Belt Frogs Page

n/a n/a n/a None.
Thumbnail image of Austrian scabbard used with captured Russian M1891 socket bayonetThumbnail image of Austrian scabbard used with captured Russian M1891 socket bayonetThumbnail image of Austrian scabbard used with captured Russian M1891 socket bayonetThumbnail image of Austrian scabbard used with captured Russian M1891 socket bayonetRussia did not supply a scabbard, preferring that soldiers keep the bayonet fixed all of the time. However, Finland, Germany, and Austria manufactured scabbards for use with bayonets captured from the Russians. Scabbard for M1891 Socket Bayonet Scabbard for use with Russian M1891 socket bayonets captured during the First World War, along with 7.62 mm. Mosin-Nagant rifles.

Russia did not supply a scabbard, preferring that soldiers keep the bayonet fixed all of the time. However, Finland, Germany, and Austria manufactured scabbards for use with bayonets captured from the Russians.

n/a 17.50 445 n/a None.
Thumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonetThumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonetThumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonetThumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonetThumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonetThumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonetThumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonetThumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonetThumbnail image of  the Austrian MP 34 knife bayonet MP 34 Special version of the M1895 knife bayonet, produced for use with the Steyr-Solothurn Maschinenpistole 34 (MP34) submachine gun.

Very finely manufactured and widely considered the Rolls-Royce of submachine guns, the MP 34 was produced by Steyr 1930–1938 for use by the Austrian Army and Police; and for export to China, Chile, Bolivia, El Salvador, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Following the German Anschluss (annexation) of 1938, the MP 34 was produced until 1940 for the Wehrmacht, designated MP 34(ö), and for export to Portugal, designated Pistola Metralhadora m/938 and m/942.

Some MP 34s made for export included a bayonet lug for mounting the Austrian M1895 knife bayonet. The Austrian MP34 bayonet is a reworked M1895, where the M1895 bayonet’s domed crosspiece rivets are ground flush, the metal blued; and, the grips replaced and secured with screwbolts. A distinctive serial number is stamped into the pommel and also on the scabbard body. Serial numbers observed have been under 500, suggesting that the quantity of bayonets produced was likely very small. In any case, these specially-made MP 34 bayonets are scarcely encountered today.

Portugal used a different bayonet designated the m/938. The m/938 bayonet was a conversion of the earlier Portuguese M1904 Mauser-Vergueiro rifle bayonet, produced by Simson & Co. in Germany.

Submachine Gun Bayonets Page

9.75 248 14.125 359 .590 15.0 Ricasso: Austrian (Hapsburg) Imperial Eagle and "OE" over "WG"

Pommel: "0161"

Scabbard (frog stud): Austrian (Hapsburg) Imperial Eagle and "OE" over "WG"

Scabbard (body): "AM" and "394"

Feldmesser 78 Bayonet-knife for use with the 5.56 mm. NATO caliber Steyr AUG (Armee Universal-Gewehr) assault rifle.

A socket in the pommel (covered by a plastic cap) engages a bayonet adapter that can be fitted to the rifle. Here's a picture from early Glock marketing materials showing the bayonet mounted to an AUG rifle.

The little tab on the upper crosspiece serves as a bottle opener.

The grip and scabbard are olive green. The scabbard is one-piece of molded plastic, with a belt hanger and a device that securely locks the bayonet into the scabbard.

The Feldmesser 78 (field knife 1978) was produced by Glock Gesellschaft mbH, of Deutsch Wagram, Austria. This example was actually issued in the Austrian Army. It bears the Österreichisches Bundesheer (Austrian Federal Army) roundel and the early round Glock trademark.

 

6.50 165 11.375 289 n/a Ricasso (left): "B' (circle with inverted triangle) "H" over Glock trademark and "78"

Grip (left): Glock trademark

Scabbard (side of body): Glock trademark

Feldmesser 78 This example is a current production commercial version of the Feldmesser 78. It is identical to the Austrian military version except for the coloration and markings.

Commercial Feldmesser 78 are found in olive, black (pictured), and tan colors. It bears commercial (export) markings and the later, more common, oblong Glock trademark.

6.50 165 11.375 289 n/a Ricasso (left): "made in" over "Austria" over Glock trademark and "78"

Grip (left): Glock trademark

Scabbard (side of body): Glock trademark

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Bayonets of Austria

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