(click to enlarge)
|USA||M5||Bayonet-knife for use on the caliber .30–06 U.S. M1 Garand rifle,
The M5 was introduced in 1953 to replace the M1 and M1905E1 bayonets used with the M1 rifle. The M5 mated the blade of the M4 bayonet with a hilt incorporating a novel attachment system. In place of a muzzle ring, the crosspiece had a steel stud that inserted into the M1 rifle's gas cylinder lock screw.
The M5A1 incorporated an improved press catch design. M5 producers included:
This example was made by the Imperial Knife Co. of Providence, Rhode Island.
The M5 bayonet used the same M8A1 scabbard used with the M4.
|6.625||168||11.375||289||n/a||Crosspiece: "M5" and "Imperial" and Defense Acceptance Stamp (DAS)|
|Denmark||m/62||Bayonet-knife used as a field knife by Denmark. Although it would mount to the Second World War M1 Garand rifles provided to Denmark in 1950, it was typically not used as such. The Danish designation for the M1 Garand rifle was Gevær m/50.
The m/62 is a copy of the U.S. M5A1 bayonet, adopted by Denmark in 1962. Where these bayonet were produced has not been established. The likelihood is that they were made in Germany (perhaps by E & F Hörster). It is believed that approximately 33,000 m/62 bayonets were procured by Denmark.
The scabbard is a copy of the US M8A1, except for the woodgrain colored plastic and British-style belt fastener.
HTK is an abbreviation of Hærens Tekniske Korps (Army Technical Corps). This marking was used 1960–69.
|6.625||168||11.25||286||n/a||Pommel: Crown over "HTK" over "M/62"
Scabbard: Crown over "HTK"
|Haiti||M5A1||Bayonet-knife for use on the caliber .30–06 U.S. M1 Garand rifle,
This bayonet was produced by A. Eickhorn-Solingen, GMBH in West Germany for the government of Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier of Haiti. It is believed that a few M5A1 and M6 bayonets were produced in 1985–86, but deliveries had not began by February 1986, when Duvalier went into exile. Eickhorn stopped production and sold the few they had already produced on the commercial market.
These bayonets are very well made, exhibiting a level of fit and finish not found on U.S.-made examples. The blade has the characteristic Eickhorn plum-colored finish and the unique Haitian unit serial number. The grip is secured with phillips-head screws.
The scabbard differs from the U.S. version in that the lower is made of molded plastic without a metal tip protector. Note how large the tie hole in the tip is, compared to a U.S.-made M8A1 scabbard.
Crosspiece: "US M5A1"
Scabbard: "U.S. M8A1"
|South Korea||K-M5A1||Bayonet-knife for use on the caliber .30–06 M1 Garand rifle.
A clone of the U.S. M5A1 bayonet, but not as well made. The grip scales on these are much thinner plastic than on the U.S. version and more prone to cracking.
The scabbard is a clone of the USA M8A1.
|6.50||165||11.125||283||n/a||Crosspiece: "K–M5A1" and "DYW" and 'figure–8' symbol
Scabbard: "K–M8A1" and winged anchor & star logo on reverse.
|USA||M6||Bayonet-knife for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber U.S. M14 selective-fire rifle, introduced in 1958 to address the shortcomings of the U.S. M1 rifle.
The M6 was very similar to the M5, but used a conventional muzzle ring. M6 producers included:
—Aerial Cutlery Co.
This example was made in 1964 by the Columbus Milpar and Manufacturing Co., Columbus, OH. According to noted U.S. bayonet authority Gary Cunningham, Milpar delivered 182,000 M6 bayonets to the U.S. Government in 1964.
The M6 bayonet used the same M8A1 scabbard used with the M4 and M5.
|6.75||171||11.375||289||.725||18.4||Crosspiece: "US M6" and "MILPAR COL" and Defense Acceptance Stamp (DAS)
Scabbard: "USM8A1" over "PWH" and Defense Acceptance Stamp (DAS).
|M6||This example is still sealed in it's original box. The cardboard box is sealed inside a heavy plastic wrapper. The wrapped bayonets were packed 50 to a carton.
These must be repacked items, because I have observed bayonets produced by both Milpar and Imperial in these packages.
|n/a||n/a||n/a||Wrapper: "1005-722-3097" over "Bayonet-Knife, M-6" over "1 Ea." over "DAAF 03-67-C-0069" over "A-" over "10/68"|
|Haiti||M6||Bayonet-knife for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber U.S. M14 selective-fire rifle.
The history and construction are as described for the Haitian M5A1 bayonet above.
The blade marking, F A D'H, is an abbreviation for Forces Armées d'Haiti. The scabbard markings are different than on the M5A1, above, and the tie string is present.
|6.50||165||11.25||286||.725||18.4||Blade: "2552 - F A D'H"
Crosspiece: "US M6"
Scabbard: "U.S. M8A1" over "Made in W. Germany"
|Unknown||M6 Modified||U.S. Bayonet-Knife M6 modified to mount to the caliber .30 U.S. Carbine M1.
The crosspiece is modified by grinding the lower portion of the M6 crosspiece to a width comparable to the Second World War M4 Bayonet-Knife crosspiece. The larger M6 muzzle-ring was cut off, then a crude, smaller muzzle-ring welded in place. Finally, a filler plate was added to position the crosspiece further forward of the grip. The upper pommel has also been milled away to provide clearance for the M1 Carbine's longer bayonet lug.
The modifications evidence crude hand work, suggesting these were done by a country that lacked modern production facilities. Most likely an Asian country. Burma, Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand all received M1 Carbines in quantity through the Military Assistance Program (MAP). However, none have similarly received M14 rifles, so the presence of M6 bayonets is not explained. Vietnam would undoubtedly have come into possession of both M1 Carbines and M14 rifles and bayonets post-1975. While Vietnam is clearly capable of better work than this, perhaps, they transferred M6 bayonets to a neighboring country like Cambodia, Laos, or Thailand. Hopefully, further research will lead to clarification regarding which country modified these bayonets.
Although the original maker marking is gone, the Defence Acceptance Stamp (DAS) is still present. The DAS is oriented with the stars toward the blade, which was done by the Imperial Knife Co. of Providence, Rhode Island.
The scabbard is a U.S. M8A1, assembled at the Pennsylvania Working Home for the Blind, in Philadelphia, PA. The "TWB" marking was used 1969-1970 to represent the Working Home's corporate name, The Working Blind, Inc.
Read more about the Working Home's production of scabbards in my article: M8A1 Scabbards Produced at the Pennsylvania Working Home for the Blind.
|6.125||156||11.125||283||.610||15.5||Crosspiece: Defense Acceptance Stamp
Scabbard: "U.S. M8A1" over "TWB"
|USA||Colt "New Model" M7||Bayonet-Knife for use on the 5.56 mm. NATO caliber U.S. M16 assault rifle. The M7 bayonet was also used on some U.S.-issue combat shotguns, such as the Remington 870 and the Mossberg 500 and 590.
The first of Colt's M7 bayonets were made 1961–1962 by Universal Industries of West Haven, CT. They had a green plastic grip that resembled the leather M4 bayonet grip of the Second World War. Since the M–1 Carbine was still in use, it made more sense that the M7 bayonet use the same black plastic grip parts already adopted for the post-war M4 bayonet.
Colt designated the redesigned bayonet as the "New Model" M7 and assigned it part number 62316 in the Colt inventory. This part number appears on the bayonets commercially made for Colt. The U.S. Government adopted the "New Model" M7 as the Bayonet-Knife M7 in 1964. More than 4 million M7 bayonets were produced during its more than 30-year service life.
These appeared in 2009, advertised to be new-old-stock 1960s examples. However, it is unclear whether they are 1960s Colt "New Model M7" bayonets or more recent production by an, as of yet, undetermined manufacturer. According to Colt, 30,000 were made by the Imperial Knife Co. of Providence, Rhode Island in 1963–1964, prior to the U.S. Government issuing its first M7 bayonet contract in May 1964. Carl Eickhorn, in West Germany, also produced private-label M7 bayonets for Colt.
The olive green scabbard body for the Imperial-made Colt New Model bayonet is unique. Unlike other M8A1 scabbards, this scabbard body has a rough crinkle-finish and no metal tip protector.
|6.75||171||11.875||302||.880||22.4||Blade: Colt 'rampant horse' logo, followed by "Colt's 62316," Hartford, Conn USA"
Crosspiece: "U.S. M7"
Scabbard: "U.S. M8A1"
Glove Fastener: "RAU CO" (partial)
|M7||Bayonet-Knife M7 U.S. military contract producers included:
—Bauer Ordnance Co.
This U.S. bayonet-knife M7 was made 1980–1984 by the Imperial Knife Co. of Providence, Rhode Island. According to noted U.S. bayonet authority Gary Cunningham, Imperial delivered 194,000 M7 bayonets to the U.S. Government in the 1980’s.
The Bayonet-Knife Scabbard M10 was developed in 1987, as the supply of M8A1 scabbards began to run out. The M10 scabbard is made of injection-molded plastic, with an integral nylon web belt hanger. This example is believed to have been produced 1987–88 by the Ontario Knife Co. of Franklinville, New York.
|6.75||171||11.875||302||.880||22.4||Crosspiece: "US M7" and "Imperial"
Scabbard Body (front): "M10" and "ASSY 8448476" over "MFG 2V376"
|M7||This M7 example bears the scarce "FZR" maker mark.
These were produced by 1971–73 by Fraser Manufacturing Corp. of Lexington, Michigan. Fraser had hundreds of government contracts and was most well-known for its design and production of vehicle mounts for machine guns. Only two Fraser contracts appear to be associated with the M16 rifle, both of which I believe are for these M7 bayonets. No production data has surfaced. However, based on the dollar amount of the contracts ($99,000) and the value attributed to M7 bayonets provided to foreign governments in 1971–72 (averaged $2.44 each), the number of bayonets produced appears to be in the neighborhood of 40,000, which explains their scarcity.A family business founded as a maker of fishing reels in Fraser, Michigan, the company fell prey to the onslaught of large sporting goods producers that rose up in the post–WW II period. Fraser adapted by relocating to Lexington in 1950 and eventually becoming a government contractor. At its peak, Fraser employed approximately 100 workers. Fraser operated until 2013, when the owners closed the factory and retired; auctioning off the machinery and donating the building and property to the local school district.
|6.625||168||11.625||295||.880||22.4||Crosspiece: "U.S. M7" and "FZR"|
|M7||This M7 example is still sealed in its factory wrapping.
A Vietnam War Period example, this is from the second contract let to Imperial Knife Co. of Providence, Rhode Island in 1973.
|M7||Another M7 still sealed in its factory wrapping.
Made in 1989 by the General Cutlery Corporation of Fremont, Ohio. Records at Rock Island Arsenal indicate that General Cutlery delivered 24,400 M7 bayonets during 1989.
These were intended to be the last M7 bayonets procured by the government, since the M9 bayonet had been in production since 1986. However, the September 11, 2001, attacks caused the government to resume procurement of M7 bayonets in 2003.
|M7||Another example, still sealed in its factory wrapping, contains both the M7 bayonet and a black M10 scabbard.
Made by the Ontario Knife Co., of Franklinville, New York, this example is from contract W52H09-06-D-0068.
|Other M8A1 Scabbards||M8A1 scabbards were produced by two additional manufacturers other than Beckwith Manufacturing Co. (Victory Plastics) and the Pennsylvania Working Home for the Blind.
Viz Manufacturing Co. of Philadelphia, PA appears to have been the successor to the Working Home as prime contractor for M8A1 scabbards. However, Viz appears to have only produced scabbards from May 1969 to November 1969, which accounts for their relative scarcity compared to scabbards produced by Beckwith and the Working Home.
Additional scabbards were produced by an unknown firm represented by the marking "WD." Their marking also appears to have been added to some scabbard throatpieces that had already been marked "VIZ," appearing as "VIZ/WD," with the "WD" being off center due to its having been added later. The steel throatpieces and plastic scabbard bodies on "WD" scabbards often have mold or inspection markings typically associated with Beckwith's Victory Plastics subsidiary, which adds to the mystery surrounding this maker. These scabbards are also uncommon.
|n/a||n/a||n/a||Scabbard (top): "U.S. M8A1" over "VIZ"
Scabbard (bottom): "U.S. M8A1" over "WD"
|M8A1 Scabbard Restraining Lace||Restraining Lace used with the M8A1 Scabbard.
The "leg-tie" shipped with the M8A1 Scabbard is often though to be a boot lace. The proper name for it was "Restraining Lace." New scabbards were shipped with the lace attached. Replacement restraining laces were packaged as single laces for this purpose.
The example pictured at left was packaged in November 1970, as U.S. involvement in Vietnam reached its peak.
|© Ralph E. Cobb 2011 All Rights Reserved|
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