Pictures
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Type
Description
Blade
Length
Overall
Length
Muzzle
Ring
Diameter
Markings
     
in.
mm.
in.
mm.
in.
mm.
 
Image of Yugoslavian M1899C bayonetImage of Yugoslavian M1899C bayonetImage of Yugoslavian M1899C bayonetImage of Yugoslavian M1899C bayonetImage of Yugoslavian M1899C bayonetImage of Yugoslavian M1899C bayonet M1899 Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Puska M99C and M10C rifles. These were post-War conversions of the 7 mm. Serbian M1899 and M1910 Mauser rifles.

This bayonet is a Serbian M1899 bayonet made at the Artiljerijsko Tehnički Zavod (Artillery Technical Institute) in Kragujevac. The Kragujevac plant was known by this name between 1923–1931, so this bayonet would have been made during that period.

Differences from the M1899 bayonet produced in the U.S. by Plumb are the crosspiece secured with flush rivets, the grip scales secured by spanner nuts, and the "AT3" ricasso mark.

The scabbard with this example is similar to that used with the Austrian M1888 bayonet. The ball finial is missing and the end simply welded closed. The original scabbard was constructed like a shorter version of the M1924 scabbard.

9.75 248 14.50 368 .615 15.6 Ricasso (right): "AT3" inside a triangle

Crosspiece (right): "939"

Crosspiece (left): "C"

Scabbard (frog stud): "683"

M1924 Sword bayonet for use with the 8 mm. Yugoslavian M1924 Mauser Short Rifle, closely patterned after the FN M1924 short rifle.

This example came to me direct from Serbia. It was made at the Vojno Tehnicki Zavod (Military Technical Institute) in Kragujevac.

It has been through overhaul, as evidenced by the deep blued finish. When originally made, the metal would have been in the white.

15.00
381
20.125
511
.615
15.6
Ricasso: "BT3" inside a triangle.

Crosspiece:  "8435"

Scabbard (frog stud): "8435"

Scabbard (body): "BT3" inside a triangle.
Thumbnail image of Yugoslavian M1924B bayonet used with converted Steyr M1912 riflesThumbnail image of Yugoslavian M1924B bayonet used with converted Steyr M1912 riflesThumbnail image of Yugoslavian M1924B bayonet used with converted Steyr M1912 riflesThumbnail image of Yugoslavian M1924B bayonet used with converted Steyr M1912 riflesThumbnail image of Yugoslavian M1924B bayonet used with converted Steyr M1912 riflesThumbnail image of Yugoslavian M1924B bayonet used with converted Steyr M1912 riflesThumbnail image of Yugoslavian M1924B bayonet used with converted Steyr M1912 rifles M1924Б Sword bayonet for use with Steyr 7 mm. M1912 Mauser rifles received from Austria as First World War reparations. Yugoslavia rebarreled these to 8 mm. and converted them to approximate the FN M1924 Short Rifle, designating them as the Model 1924Б (M1924B).

There were two distinct Yugoslavian bayonet variants designated Model 1924Б. This is the first type of M1924Б bayonet, which was newly made at the Vojno Tehnicki Zavod (Military Technical Institute) in Kragujevac during the mid–1920s to go along with the converted Steyr M1912 rifles (the M1912 rifle conversions were reportedly completed in 1927).

This M1924Б bayonet variant is identical to the M1924 above, except that the hilt has a short mounting slot, as shown in this comparison image. This meant that, while the M1924 bayonet would mount to a M1924Б rifle, the M1924Б bayonet would not mount to a M1924 Short Rifle. To avoid confusion, the M1924Б bayonet was distinctively marked “Mod. 1924 B” in Cyrillic (MOД. 1924 Б) inside an ovoid rectangle on the ricasso opposite the arsenal marking.

This example is also marked with the Cyrillic letter “DJ” (Ђ) on the crosspiece and the letter “P” (П) on the scabbard mouth. The significance of these markings is not known.

How many "Mexican contract" M1912 rifles were given to Yugoslavia is unclear. Making deliveries to Mexico difficult for Steyr early in 1914 was the blockade and occupation of the Port of Vera Cruz by U.S. military forces to prevent further arms shipments from reaching the junta established by General Victoriano Huerta, following the overthrow of a democratically-elected Mexican government. Although referred to as “Mexican contract” rifles, there also was a sizeable Steyr M1912 contract with Colombia during fiscal year 1913–14 which also may not have been completely fulfilled prior to outbreak of the First World War.

The result was that many of the M1912 rifles remained in Austrian stores during the First World War. Ironically, the majority of converted M1912 rifles sat in Yugoslavian stores only to fall into German hands when Yugoslavia was overrun by Nazi forces in 1941.

        n/a Ricasso (right): "BT3" inside a triangle.

Ricasso (left): "MOД. 1924 Б"

Crosspiece (right):  "13209"

Crosspiece (left):  "Ђ"

Scabbard (mouth): "П"

Scabbard (body): "BT3" inside a triangle.

M1924Б Sword bayonet for use with the 8 mm. Puska 98 (Rifle 1898).  The Puska 98 was a surrendered German Gewehr 98, converted to approximate the FN M1924 Short Rifle.

Arriving a dozen years later, this second M1924Б bayonet variant are conversions of surrendered First World War German bayonets. This example was originally a German M1898/05 bayonet made by C.G. Haenel in 1916.  The original German markings are still present, confirming its lineage. Yugoslavia similarly converted German M1898 bayonets, all conversions being designated M1924Б regardless of the German type from which they came.

The bayonet's blade was altered to approximate the M1924 blade profile, so that the M1924 scabbard would accept it. This was key to making the bayonet useful, as the Yugoslavian belt frog would not accept the wide German M1898/05 scabbard. Some examples retain the original German grip scales, while others (like this one) have makeshift replacements with the diagonal serrations running in the opposite direction.

All of this variant were crudely marked “M24B” in Cyrillic (M24Б) on the crosspiece. The need for distinguishing markings was not so great, as these bayonets all retained their German long slot, so could mount to either type of the conversion rifles or the M1924 Short Rifle.

From 1939–1941, the Užice Arms Factories (known, today, as Privi Partizan) converted surrendered First World War German Gewehr 98's and bayonets to conform to the M1924 specification. Approximately 20,000 rifles and bayonets are believed to have been converted before the Germans overran Yugoslavia in 1941.
14.25 362 19.50 495 n/a Ricasso (Left): "C.G. Haenel" over "Suhl"

Crosspiece (Left): "M24Б"

Crosspiece (Right): "42773"

Spine: Cypher for Kaiser Wilhelm II over, "16"

Scabbard (body): "BT3" inside a triangle.
M1948 Knife bayonet for use with the 8 mm. Yugoslavian M1948 Mauser rifle, closely patterned after the German 8 mm. Mauser Kar 98k.

The M1948 bayonet was a short version of the pre-War M1924 bayonet, adopted when Yugoslavia rebuilt the Vojno Tehnicki Zavod (Military Technical Institute), which was totally destroyed during the Second World War.

The Cyrillic marking (ПРЕДУЗЕЋЕ), was used until 1953, when they switched to the western marking (PREDUZECE). In English, it means "factory" or "enterprise." Factory 44 was the Zavodi Crvena Zastava (Red Flag Works) in Kragujevac, Serbia.  The factory is still operating today and is known as Zastava Arms.

9.75 248 15.00 381 .620 15.7 Ricasso: "ПРЕДУЗЕЋЕ" in a semicircle, over "44"

Crosspiece: "16258"

Scabbard:  "n44" in triangle. "16258" on frog stud.

M1948 This example differs from the M1948 bayonet above, in that it does not have the typical serial numbering on the crosspiece and frog stud.  Instead, it has a very large serial number, in 0.375 in. (10 mm.) high numerals, on the pommel.

This example also came to me from Serbia. 

9.75 248 15.00 381 .615 15.6 Ricasso: "ПРЕДУЗЕЋЕ" in a semi-circle, over "44"

Pommel: "23359"

Scabbard:  "n44" in triangle
M1956 Knife bayonet for use with the 9 mm. M1956 submachine gun, closely patterned after the Second World War German MP–40.

The blade is double-edged, reminiscent of the Serbian M1899 bayonet. The grips are made of molded plastic.

Although the dimensions seem pretty normative, it is so small and light that it seems like a toy. Look how small the scabbard is, compared to my hand (and I have very small hands).

Submachine Gun Bayonets Page

6.75 171 11.25 286 n/a Ricasso (left): "76541" and "K" in circle inspection mark.

Ricasso (right): "36-189-6"

Crosspiece: "BK" and "K" in circle inspection mark.

Grip (left): "36-190-2" and "K" in circle inspection mark.

Grip (right): "36-190-3" and "K" in circle inspection mark.

Pommel: "K" in circle inspection mark.
Thumbnail image of Yugoslavian Polu-Automatska Puška M59 (SKS) Drill Rifle BayonetThumbnail image of Yugoslavian Polu-Automatska Puška M59 (SKS) Drill Rifle BayonetThumbnail image of Yugoslavian Polu-Automatska Puška M59 (SKS) Drill Rifle BayonetThumbnail image of Yugoslavian Polu-Automatska Puška M59 (SKS) Drill Rifle Bayonet PAP M59 Drill Rifle Rubber knife bayonet for use on a non-firing facsimile of the Yugoslavian Polu-Automatska Puška M59 (Semi-Automatic Rifle Model 1959), a variant of the Russian Simonov SKS-45.

Manufactured by Sport Oprema (Sport Equipment) of Ljubljana, the bayonets were used with rubber-coated drill rifles, also produced by Sport Oprema. The drill rifle simulated the size and weight of a 7.62 mm. PAP M59 rifle. The bayonet has a small muzzle ring, which is secured to the rifle’s muzzle by a knurled bolt.  There is also a socket in the bayonet’s pommel, which fits over a mounting stud protruding from the rifle’s forend.

I have yet to determine the meaning of the circle-tsp mark in the bayonet's grip.

Sport Oprema sponsored a highly successful competitive fencing club in Ljubljana that bore the company’s name. The club was formed ca. 1978 and was in existence for at about 10 years.

The Yugoslavian Wars began in 1991, in Slovenia, near Ljubljana. When Yugoslavian Army forces attempted to seize key installations and border crossings, Slovenian forces responded very effectively, blocking the advance of Yugoslavian columns; repeatedly surrounding and laying siege to Yugoslavian troop concentrations. After just 10 days, Slovenian forces had taken over 4,600 Yugoslavian troops prisoner. Intense diplomatic action by the Europeans resulted in a cease fire and the securing of Slovenia’s independence. Yugoslavia was allowed three months to withdraw their remaining troops, however, were forced to leave their heavy weapons behind. This largely spared Slovenia from the decade-long series of civil wars that would devastate so much of Yugoslavia.
7.00 178 11.50 292 .360 9.1 Grip (left) "SPORT OPREMA"

Grip (right) "tsp" in circle

AKM Type II Knife bayonet for use with the Kalashnikov 7.62 mm. AKM assault rifle.

Black plastic grip. Green-gray web retention strap. Shiny, smooth black plastic scabbard with a tan leather belt hanger. The Yugoslavian belt hanger is unique in having a brass thorn. The belt hanger measures 3.625 in. (92 mm.) in length.

Yugoslavian bayonets have stamped serial numbers on the grip & scabbard body, where the East German AKM Type II bayonet has electropenciled serial numbers.

AK Bayonets Page

 

5.75 146 10.625 270 .695 17.7 Grip (right): "291278"

Ricasso (left): "K7" electropenciled

Scabbard (body): "291278"

Scabbard (metal end): "K7" electropenciled

 

Thumbnail image of Yugoslavian AKM Type II bayonetThumbnail image of Yugoslavian AKM Type II bayonetThumbnail image of Yugoslavian AKM Type II bayonetThumbnail image of Yugoslavian AKM Type II bayonetThumbnail image of Yugoslavian AKM Type II bayonetThumbnail image of Yugoslavian AKM Type II bayonet AKM Type II This example bears the unusual R-prefix serial number. The black grip and scabbard have a more matte finish than the example pictured above.

The R-prefix serial number syntax is said to indicate reworked or repaired, however, this has not been documented.

AK Bayonets Page

5.75 148 10.50 268 .695 17.7 Grip (right): "R–47650"

Ricasso (left): "K" electropenciled

Scabbard (body): "R–47650"

Scabbard (metal end): "K" electropenciled

Belt Frog Brown leather belt frog for use with the M1948 bayonet.

Measures 8.625 in. (219 mm.) long by 1.875 in.(48 mm.) wide at the widest point.

Carter classified this frog as #423.

Bayonet Belt Frogs Page

n/a n/a n/a "BK" inside a circle, within a stitched inverted triangle.
Belt Frog Brown leather belt frog for use with the M1956 submachine gun bayonet.

Measures 7.50 in. (190 mm.) long by 1.75 in. (44 mm.) wide at the widest point. 

This frog was not classified by Carter.

According to my Serbian collector friend Nebojsa Milanovic, the Cyrillic “BK” inside the stitched triangle stands for Vojna Kontrola (Military Control).  The official nomenclature number indicates that this frog was made in Kragujevac.  He says that unmarked frogs also exist and they were made in a different factory.

Bayonet Belt Frogs Page

n/a n/a n/a "BK" inside a circle, within a stitched inverted triangle.

"S-38-191-9"

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