Pictures
(click to enlarge)
Type Description Blade
Length
Overall
Length

Muzzle
Ring
Diameter

Markings
      in. mm. in. mm. in. mm.  
Plug Bayonet Hunting plug bayonet, most likely dating from the mid-19th Century.

This bayonet once had a thin, flat steel crosspiece, which has been filed away. The grip is made of fruitwood [woods of fruit bearing trees in the Rose family (Rosaceae), such as  apple, pear, peach, and plum].

The lower portion of the scabbard is present. This covers the edged portion of the blade, stopping just short of the ricasso.

I suspect that "La-Cerena" may refer to La Serena, a community in the Exremadura region of Western Spain. Plug bayonets from this region of Spain are less common than those of the neighboring provinces of Toledo (to the East) and Andalusia (to the South).

9.50 241 14.25 362 n/a Ricasso: "Camilo Acero" "La-Cerena"
Peasant Knife
Small hunting or peasant knife that resembles a plug bayonet.  Double-edged blade with brass and bone grip. However, the ovoid grip form was not used on plug bayonets.

Made ca. 1850 in the Alabcete region of Spain.

At one time, these were thought to be plug bayonets, but are no longer classified as such. However, they are still sometimes advertised for sale as plug bayonets on eBay and other venues.

5.75
148
9.00
229
n/a
None.
M1871 Socket bayonet for use on the 11.5 mm. M1871 rolling block rifle.

In his book, Socket Bayonets of the Great Powers, Shuey indicates that M1871 bayonets made in the USA had 2.625 in. sockets, where the Spanish-made bayonets had a 3 in. socket. This is corroborated by Juan L. Calvó in his 2003 article (in Spanish), 24 Tipos de Cubo en Bayonetas Encontradas en España (24 Types of Socket Bayonets Found in Spain). This example has a 3.00 in. (76 mm.) socket.

Calvó also indicates that the blade width of Spanish-made bayonets was 19.5 mm., where the USA-made bayonets had blades 20.5 mm. wide. The blade width of this example is 0.77 in. (19.5 mm.).

Leather scabbard with a securing tab and brass chape.

21.50 546 24.50 622 .680 17.3 Socket:  "84"

Ricasso: punch mark

Blade: looks like letter "O"

Scabbard (chape): "H"

M1892/93 Knife bayonet for use on the  7  mm. Spanish M1893 Mauser rifle made famous during the Spanish-American War of 1898.

Designated Cuchillo Bayoneta Modelo 1892/93, these were made by Simpson & Co. of Suhl, Germany, and also at Artilleria Fábrica de Toledo in Spain. The M1892/93 bayonet was patterned  closely after the German M1871/84 bayonet, with the distinctive "humpback" hilt.

According to Calvó, an earlier M1892/93 variant was made by Weyersberg Kirschbaum & Co. to accompany 1,200 7.65 mm. Mauser M1890 Rifles for use in trials.

The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.

10.00 254 14.875 378 .610 15.5 Ricasso: "Simpson & Co." over "Suhl"

Crosspiece:  Spanish cross and "D8382"

Lower Quillion:  "F"

M1893 Also for use on the  7 mm. Spanish M1893 Mauser rifle, the Cuchillo Bayoneta Modelo 1893 was made at Artilleria Fábrica de Toledo.

The M1893 eliminated the humpback hilt of the M1892/93 and has a less pronounced pommel beak.

The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.

10.125 257 15.00 381 .615 15.6 Ricasso: "ARTILLERIA Fca DE TOLEDO" over "1898"

Crosspiece:  "2A 00882"

Scabbard:  "42" on throat.

M1913 Sword bayonet for use on the  7 mm. Mauser M1916 Short Rifle. Also designated for use with the 8 mm. Mauser M1943 Short Rifle.

This example was made at Artilleria Fábrica Nacional, Toledo, Spain, probably in the 1920s.

The M1913 bayonet was one of only a few bayonet types to utilize checkered wood grips. The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.

Adopted in 1913 as the Machete Bayoneta Modelo 1913, this bayonet was intended to replace the M1893 knife bayonet. However, with adoption of the M1916 Short Rifle in 1916, the M1913 bayonet was, instead, designated for use with the M1916 Short Rifle. It was subsequently also designated for use with the M1943 Short Rifle.

15.625 397 20.50 521 .610 15.5 Ricasso (Left):  "Arilleria" over "Fca Nacional" over "Toledo" set inside a rectangle

Ricasso (Right): "92939"

Crosspiece:  "91"

M1871/93 Socket bayonet for use with the 7 mm. M1893 Mauser rifle. This bayonet is a conversion of the M1871 Remington rolling block socket bayonet.

It is not known when these non-regulation conversions were done. The most likely period seems to be during the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39. However, this is speculative. The number produced is unclear. Little is known about this uncommon socket bayonet.

The conversion entailed removing the bridge; widening and lengthening the mortise; and adding a wide locking ring; all to accommodate the broad Mauser front sight base. The modifications are apparent in this comparison image.

This bayonet is historically significant as one of only two socket bayonet types ever used with a Mauser rifle. Both were conversions, there never being a socket bayonet actually designed for use with a Mauser.

The other Mauser socket bayonet is the Uruguayan M1871, a conversion of the British Pattern 1853 Enfield socket bayonet used with the 11 mm. M1871 Mauser rifle.

21.75 552 24.625 625 .685 17.4 Elbow: "41?"
M1941 Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Mauser M1943 Short Rifle.

Designed as a replacement for the M1907 Artillery Bolo, the Machete Bayoneta Modelo 1941, retains the M1907 Artillery Bolo's blade profile and heavy crosspiece for cutting vegetation.  Short bolo knives such as this were horribly inefficient cutting implements and were universally hated by those who had to use them.

These bayonets were produced at Fábrica de armas de Toledo (Toledo Arms Factory).

The fact that this was the standard bayonet used with the M1943 Short Rifle explains why these rifles are typically found with a Ricchieri Adapter pinned to the bayonet bar.

It is interesting that, although mismatched, the bayonet and scabbard serial numbers are only 22 digits apart in the same letter series.

9.625 244 14.375 365 .615 15.6 Ricasso (Left):  (crown) over "FN" over "Toledo"

Ricasso (Right): "4639" over "U"

Scabbard:  "4617" over "U"
Thumbnail image of the standard-modell bayonet from GermanyThumbnail image of the standard-modell bayonet from GermanyThumbnail image of the standard-modell bayonet from GermanyThumbnail image of the standard-modell bayonet from Germany Standard-Modell, German Without Guard Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Mauser Standard-Modell and M1944 Short Rifles.

According to Calvó, this type was designated Cuchillo Bayoneta Standard Modelo Alemán sans Guarda (Knife Bayonet Standard-Modell German without Guard), pictured at left. This type was a German M1884/98 Third Pattern bayonet, the same as was used by the Wehrmacht.

This example was made without a flashguard and with metal in the white. It is completely unmarked, save for a single script "o" on the lower blade spine. The script-o is suspected to represent Ostmark (Eastern March), coined by German propaganda to re-name Austria following Germany's Anschluss (annexation) of 1938, suggesting possible manufacture there. These unmarked but obviously German-production export bayonets, produced in violation of the Treaty of Versailles, are sometimes referred to as "sneak" bayonets.

The scabbard originally furnished was identical to the German M1884/98 Third Pattern. However, the scabbard with this example is a replacement of Spanish manufacture.

These bayonets have often been referred to erroneously as the M1943 or M1944.

9.875 251 15.00 381 n/a Blade Spine (lower): script "o"
Standard-Modell, Spanish Without Guard Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Mauser Standard-Modell and M1944 Short Rifles.

Patterned after the M1884/98 bayonets received from Germany, these bayonets of Spanish manufacture supplemented the bayonets obtained along with Standard-Modell rifles.

Designated Cuchillo Bayoneta Standard Modelo Español sans Guarda (Knife Bayonet Standard-Modell Spanish without Guard), the blade is thinner and lighter than the German M18884/98. The bluing on the blade and flashguard has a reddish hue. The method of construction is less robust than the German bayonets.

The scabbard is patterned after the M1884/98 Third Pattern, except that it has no throatpiece. The Spanish scabbard's construction is less robust than the German scabbard from which it was copied.

Like the German bayonets from which these were copied, collectors often refer to these erroneously as the M1943 or M1944, making no distinction between bayonets of German vs. Spanish manufacture.

9.875 251 15.125 384 n/a Crosspiece:  ""P.R.8" and "5851"
Standard-Modell, Spanish With Guard Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Mauser Standard-Modell and M1944 Short Rifles.

According to Calvó, the official designation was Cuchillo Bayoneta Standard Modelo Español con Guarda (Knife Bayonet Standard-Modell Spanish with Guard). These bayonets are often erroneously referred to as the M1936 or M1943.

These bayonets were produced at Fábrica de armas de Toledo (Toledo Arms Factory).

The German M1884/98 Third Pattern Export Bayonet after which these were patterned were designated, Cuchillo Bayoneta Standard Modelo Alemán con Guarda (Knife Bayonet Standard-Modell German with Guard). The German-made bayonet with muzzle ring is rarely encountered, suggesting that the quantity produced was not large.

The scabbard is also of Spanish manufacture.

9.875 251 15.125 384 .620 15.7 Ricasso (Left):  (crown) over "FN" over "Toledo"

Ricasso (Right): "694" over "J"

Crosspiece: "U"

Scabbard (throat): "56"

Thumbnail image of Spanish M1964 bayonetThumbnail image of Spanish M1964 bayonetThumbnail image of Spanish M1964 bayonetThumbnail image of Spanish M1964 bayonetThumbnail image of Spanish M1964 bayonetThumbnail image of Spanish M1964 bayonet M1964 (CETME Model C) Knife bayonet for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber CETME Model C assault rifle. Also used on the FR–7 and FR–8 training rifles.

The first version of the CETME, designated Model 1958, did not mount a bayonet. These bayonets are often referred to as the M1969. However, according to Calvó, the official designation was Machete Bayoneta Modelo 1964.

The M1964 bayonet has checkered plastic grips and an unfullered bolo blade.  The scabbard has an integral web belt frog.  This bayonet has a very unusual rectangular mounting slot. A distinctive CETME Model C bayonet variant with smooth grips and a fullered blade is believed to have been made for export to Guatemala.

CETME is an acronym for Centro de Estudios Técnicos de Materiales Especiales (Center for Technical Studies of Special Materials). CETME was the Spanish government design and development establishment where German designer, Ludwig Vorgrimler, modified the German StG45(M) assault rifle to create the CETME.

The two crests stamped into the blade are the Toledo Coat of Arms and the factory crest of the Instituto Nacional de Industria (INI), Empresa Nacional de Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares (in English, National Industrial Institute, National Business, Santa Barbara Military Industries). Santa Bárbara Sistemas was purchased from the Spanish Government by General Dynamics Corp. in 2001, who operated it until its closure in 2013.

Go to the G3 and CETME Bayonets Page

8.75 222 13.25 337 .875 22.2 Ricasso (Right): Toledo Coat of Arms

Ricasso (Left):  "ET91467B" over Instituto Nacional de Industria (INI) Crest

Thumbnail image of the Spanish CETME Model  L bayonetThumbnail image of the Spanish CETME Model  L bayonetThumbnail image of the Spanish CETME Model  L bayonetThumbnail image of the Spanish CETME Model  L bayonetThumbnail image of the Spanish CETME Model  L bayonetThumbnail image of the Spanish CETME Model  L bayonetThumbnail image of the Spanish CETME Model  L bayonetThumbnail image of the Spanish CETME Model  L bayonet CETME Model L Knife bayonet for use with the 5.56 mm. NATO caliber CETME Model L assault rifle, a Spanish variant of the HK33.

The CETME Model L superseded the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber CETME Model C rifle beginning in 1986. The CETME Model L was not well-liked and was reported to have performed poorly in the 1990–91 Persian Gulf War. Post-war attempts to reduce production costs exacerbated the rifle’s problems, leading to adoption of the Heckler & Koch G36 rifle in 1999 and the CETME Model L's eventual retirement.

The CETME Model L bayonet's blade is patterned after the U.S. M4 bayonet-knife, but is 2.25 in. (57 mm.) longer than the more common H & K G3 bayonet. It has an 11–groove green plastic grip. It has a broad plain crosspiece secured by two domed rivets, similar to the Rheinmetall G3 bayonet. The blade, guard, and pommel are painted black. The scabbard is closely patterned after the M1964 scabbard.

The CETME Model L bayonet was produced by the state-owned Santa Bárbara Sistemas factory, under auspices of the Instituto Nacional de Industria (INI).

When I received this example, it still had the Spanish inventory tag attached. The tag included the bayonet's NATO Stock Number: 1095-33-000-0293 and Description: Cuchillo-Bayoneta (Knife-Bayonet).

G3 and CETME Bayonets Page

8.875 225 14.00 356 .875 22.2 Ricasso (Left): "ET74943A"

Blade (Left): Instituto Nacional de Industria (INI) Crest

Blade (Right): Toledo Coat of Arms

Ricchieri Adapter Bayonet adapter designed by Argentine Gen. Pablo Ricchieri to allow use of M1893 style bayonets with later M1898 rifles. These are often found pinned to the bayonet lug of Spanish M1943 Short Rifles, to enable use of the M1941 and M1913 bayonets. n/a n/a n/a None.
Back           Next
Return to Bayonet Identification Guide Index
© Ralph E. Cobb 2010 All Rights Reserved       Top

Bayonets of Spain

Home Navigation Button
 
Want List Navigation Button
 
Bayonet Collecting Navigation Button
 
Bayonet Identification Guide Navigation Button
 
Researching Your Finds Navigation Button
 
Library Navigation Button
 
Links Page Navigation Button
 
For Sale or Trade Navigation Button
 
BCN Certified Logo
 
Bayonet
Collectors'
Network
 
 
Society of American Bayonet Collectors