(click to enlarge)
|Plug Bayonet||Hunting plug bayonet, most likely dating from the mid-19th Century.
This bayonet once had a thin, flat steel crosspiece, which has been filed away. The grip is made of fruitwood [woods of fruit bearing trees in the Rose family (Rosaceae), such as apple, pear, peach, and plum].
The lower portion of the scabbard is present. This covers the edged portion of the blade, stopping just short of the ricasso.
I suspect that "La-Cerena" may refer to La Serena, a community in the Exremadura region of Western Spain. Plug bayonets from this region of Spain are less common than those of the neighboring provinces of Toledo (to the East) and Andalusia (to the South).
|9.50||241||14.25||362||n/a||Ricasso: "Camilo Acero" "La-Cerena"|
Small hunting or peasant knife that resembles a plug bayonet. Double-edged blade with brass and bone grip. However, the ovoid grip form was not used on plug bayonets.
Made ca. 1850 in the Alabcete region of Spain.
At one time, these were thought to be plug bayonets, but are no longer classified as such. However, they are still sometimes advertised for sale as plug bayonets on eBay and other venues.
|M1871||Socket bayonet for use on the 11.5 mm. M1871 rolling block rifle.
In his book, Socket Bayonets of the Great Powers, Shuey indicates that M1871 bayonets made in the USA had 2.625 in. sockets, where the Spanish-made bayonets had a 3 in. socket. This is corroborated by Juan L. Calvó in his 2003 article (in Spanish), 24 Tipos de Cubo en Bayonetas Encontradas en España (24 Types of Socket Bayonets Found in Spain). This example has a 3.00 in. (76 mm.) socket.
Calvó also indicates that the blade width of Spanish-made bayonets was 19.5 mm., where the USA-made bayonets had blades 20.5 mm. wide. The blade width of this example is 0.77 in. (19.5 mm.).
Leather scabbard with a securing tab and brass chape.
Ricasso: punch mark
Blade: looks like letter "O"
Scabbard (chape): "H"
|M1892/93||Knife bayonet for use on the 7 mm. Spanish M1893 Mauser rifle made famous during the Spanish-American War of 1898.
Designated Cuchillo Bayoneta Modelo 1892/93, these were made by Simpson & Co. of Suhl, Germany, and also at Artilleria Fábrica de Toledo in Spain. The M1892/93 bayonet was patterned closely after the German M1871/84 bayonet, with the distinctive "humpback" hilt.
According to Calvó, an earlier M1892/93 variant was made by Weyersberg Kirschbaum & Co. to accompany 1,200 7.65 mm. Mauser M1890 Rifles for use in trials.
The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.
|10.00||254||14.875||378||.610||15.5||Ricasso: "Simpson & Co." over "Suhl"
Crosspiece: Spanish cross and "D8382"
Lower Quillion: "F"
|M1893||Also for use on the 7 mm. Spanish M1893 Mauser rifle, the Cuchillo Bayoneta Modelo 1893 was made at Artilleria Fábrica de Toledo.
The M1893 eliminated the humpback hilt of the M1892/93 and has a less pronounced pommel beak.
The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.
|10.125||257||15.00||381||.615||15.6||Ricasso: "ARTILLERIA Fca DE TOLEDO" over "1898"
Crosspiece: "2A 00882"
Scabbard: "42" on throat.
|M1913||Sword bayonet for use on the 7 mm. Mauser M1916 Short Rifle. Also designated for use with the 8 mm. Mauser M1943 Short Rifle.
This example was made at Artilleria Fca Nacional, Toledo, Spain, probably in the 1920s.
The M1913 bayonet was one of only a few bayonet types to utilize checkered wood grips. The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.
Adopted in 1913 as the Machete Bayoneta Modelo 1913, this bayonet was intended to replace the M1893 knife bayonet. However, with adoption of the M1916 Short Rifle in 1916, the M1913 bayonet was, instead, designated for use with the M1916 Short Rifle. It was subsequently also designated for use with the M1943 Short Rifle.
|15.625||397||20.50||521||.610||15.5||Ricasso (Left): "Arilleria" over "Fca Nacional" over "Toledo" set inside a rectangle
Ricasso (Right): "92939"
|M1871/93||Socket bayonet for use with the 7 mm. M1893 Mauser rifle. This bayonet is a conversion of the M1871 Remington rolling block socket bayonet.
It is not known when these non-regulation conversions were done. The most likely period seems to be during the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39. However, this is speculative. The number produced is unclear. Little is known about this uncommon socket bayonet.
The conversion entailed removing the bridge; widening and lengthening the mortise; and adding a wide locking ring; all to accommodate the broad Mauser front sight base. The modifications are apparent in this comparison image.
This bayonet is historically significant as one of only two socket bayonet types ever used with a Mauser rifle. Both were conversions, there never being a socket bayonet actually designed for use with a Mauser.
|M1941||Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Mauser M1943 Short Rifle.
Designed as a replacement for the M1907 Artillery Bolo, the Machete Bayoneta Modelo 1941, retains the M1907 Artillery Bolo's blade profile and heavy crosspiece for cutting vegetation. Short bolo knives such as this were horribly inefficient cutting implements and were universally hated by those who had to use them.
The fact that this was the standard bayonet used with the M1943 Short Rifle explains why these rifles are typically found with a Ricchieri Adapter pinned to the bayonet bar.
|9.625||244||14.375||365||.615||15.6||Ricasso (Left): (crown) over "FN" over "Toledo"
Ricasso (Right): "4639" over "U"
Scabbard: "4617" over "U"
|Standard-Modell German Pattern Without Guard||Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Mauser Standard-Modell and M1944 Short Rifles.
According to Calvó, they were designated Cuchillo Bayoneta Standard Modelo Alemán con Guarda (Knife Bayonet Standard-Modell German with Guard) and Cuchillo Bayoneta Standard Modelo Alemán sans Guarda (Knife Bayonet Standard-Modell German without Guard). These are sometimes erroneously referred to as the M1943 or M1944.
The example pictured at left is of Spanish manufacture, outwardly identical to the German M1884/98 Third Pattern, except that the blade is thinner. The bluing on the blade and flashguard has a reddish hue to it. The scabbard is identical to the M1884/98 Third Pattern, except that it has no throatpiece. The quality of construction is poor, compared to the German bayonets from which it was copied.
|9.875||251||15.125||384||n/a||Crosspiece: ""P.R.8" and "5851"|
|Standard-Modell Spanish Pattern||Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Mauser Standard-Modell and M1944 Short Rifles.
Patterned after the Polish Wz–24 bayonet, these supplemented the M1884/98 Third Pattern bayonets obtained from Germany along with Standard-Modell rifles.
These bayonets are sometimes erroneously referred to as the M1936. According to Calvó, the official designation was Cuchillo Bayoneta Standard Modelo Español (Knife Bayonet Standard-Modell Spanish).
|9.875||251||15.125||384||.620||15.7||Ricasso (Left): (crown) over "FN" over "Toledo"
Ricasso (Right): "694" over "J"
Scabbard (throat): "56"
|M1964 (CETME)||Knife bayonet for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber CETME assault rifle. Also used on the FR–7 and FR–8 training rifles.
This example was made at Toledo, INI, Spain, probably in the 1970s.
These bayonets are commonly referred to as the M1969. However, according to Calvó, the official designation was Machete Bayoneta Modelo 1964.
The M1964 bayonet has checkered plastic grips and an unfullered bolo blade. The scabbard has an integral web belt frog. This bayonet has a very unusual rectangular mounting slot. A distinctive variant with smooth grips and a fullered blade was also made for export to Guatemala.
CETME is an acronym for Centro de Estudios Técnicos de Materiales Especiales (Center for Technical Studies of Special Materials). CETME was the Spanish government design and development establishment where German designer, Ludwig Vorgrimler, modified the German StG45(M) assault rifle to create the CETME.
|9.875||222||13.25||337||.875||22.2||Ricasso (Left): "ET91467B" over a crest over "Toledo" over "INI"
Ricasso (Right): crest
|Ricchieri Adapter||Bayonet adapter designed by Argentine Gen. Pablo Ricchieri to allow use of M1893 style bayonets with later M1898 rifles. These are often found pinned to the bayonet lug of Spanish M1943 Short Rifles, to enable use of the M1941 and M1913 bayonets.||n/a||n/a||n/a||None.|
|© Ralph E. Cobb 2010 All Rights Reserved|
Bayonets of Spain
|Society of American Bayonet Collectors|