(click to enlarge)
Type Description Blade


      in. mm. in. mm. in. mm.  
Plug Bayonet Hunting plug bayonet, most likely dating from the mid-19th Century.

This bayonet once had a thin, flat steel crosspiece, which has been filed away. The grip is made of fruitwood [woods of fruit bearing trees in the Rose family (Rosaceae), such as  apple, pear, peach, and plum].

The lower portion of the scabbard is present. This covers the edged portion of the blade, stopping just short of the ricasso.

I suspect that "La-Cerena" may refer to La Serena, a community in the Exremadura region of Western Spain. Plug bayonets from this region of Spain are less common than those of the neighboring provinces of Toledo (to the East) and Andalusia (to the South).

9.50 241 14.25 362 n/a Ricasso: "Camilo Acero" "La-Cerena"
Peasant Knife
Small hunting or peasant knife that resembles a plug bayonet.  Double-edged blade with brass and bone grip. However, the ovoid grip form was not used on plug bayonets.

Made ca. 1850 in the Alabcete region of Spain.

At one time, these were thought to be plug bayonets, but are no longer classified as such. However, they are still sometimes advertised for sale as plug bayonets on eBay and other venues.

M1871 Socket bayonet for use on the 11.5 mm. M1871 rolling block rifle.

In his book, Socket Bayonets of the Great Powers, Shuey indicates that M1871 bayonets made in the USA had 2.625 in. sockets, where the Spanish-made bayonets had a 3 in. socket. This is corroborated by Juan L. Calvó in his 2003 article (in Spanish), 24 Tipos de Cubo en Bayonetas Encontradas en España (24 Types of Socket Bayonets Found in Spain). This example has a 3.00 in. (76 mm.) socket.

Calvo also indicates that the blade width of Spanish-made bayonets was 19.5 mm., where the USA-made bayonets had blades 20.5 mm. wide. The blade width of this example is 0.77 in. (19.5 mm.).

Leather scabbard with a securing tab and brass chape.

21.50 546 24.50 622 .680 17.3 Socket:  "84"

Ricasso: punch mark

Blade: looks like letter "O"

Scabbard (chape): "H"

M1892/93 Knife bayonet for use on the  7 mm. Spanish M1893 Mauser rifle made famous during the Spanish-American War of 1898.

This example is of the first pattern made 1893–1895 by Simpson & Co. of Suhl, Germany. The M1893 bayonet was patterned  closely after the German M1871/84 bayonet. This example has the distinctive M1871/84 "humpback" wooden grips, secured by domed rivets.

The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.

10.00 254 14.875 378 .610 15.5 Ricasso: "Simpson & Co." over "Suhl"

Crosspiece:  Spanish cross and "D8382"

Lower Quillion:  "F"

M1893 Indigenous M1893 bayonet made at Artilleria Fca De Toledo, Spain, in 1898. This example has straight grips secured by flush rivets. Note the much less pronounced pommel beak, than the above example.

The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.

10.125 257 15.00 381 .615 15.6 Ricasso: "ARTILLERIA Fca DE TOLEDO" over "1898"

Crosspiece:  "2A 00882"

Scabbard:  "42" on throat.

M1913 Sword bayonet for use on the  7 mm. Spanish M1916 Mauser short rifle.  Also fits on the M1893 Mauser rifle.

This example was made at Artilleria Fca Nacional, Toledo, Spain, probably in the 1920s.

The M1913 bayonet was one of only a few bayonet types to utilize checkered wood grips. The scabbard is leather with steel mounts.

15.625 397 20.50 521 .610 15.5 Ricasso (Left):  "Arilleria" over "Fca Nacional" over "Toledo" set inside a rectangle

Ricasso (Right): "92939"

Crosspiece:  "91"

M1871/93 Socket bayonet for use with the 7 mm. M1893 Mauser rifle. This bayonet is a conversion of the M1871 Remington rolling block socket bayonet.

It is not known when these conversions were done. The most likely period seems to be during the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39. However, this is speculative. The number produced is unclear. Little is known about this uncommon socket bayonet.

The conversion entailed removing the bridge; widening and lengthening the mortise; and adding a wide locking ring; all to accommodate the broad Mauser front sight base. The modifications are apparent in this comparison image.

This bayonet is historically significant as one of only two socket bayonet types ever used with a Mauser rifle. Both were conversions, there never being a socket bayonet actually designed for use with a Mauser.

The other Mauser socket bayonet is the Uruguayan M1871, a conversion of the British Pattern 1853 Enfield socket bayonet used with the 11 mm. M1871 Mauser rifle.

21.75 552 24.625 625 .685 17.4 Elbow: "41?"
M1941 Knife bayonet for use on the 7 mm. M1893 Mauser rifle and the M1916 Mauser Short Rifle.

The  bolo blade profile and heavy crosspiece allows for use for cutting vegetation.  Short bolo knives such as this were horribly inefficient cutting implements and were universally hated by those who had to use them.

It is interesting that, although mismatched, the bayonet and scabbard serial numbers are only 22 digits apart in the same letter series.

9.625 244 14.375 365 .615 15.6 Ricasso (Left):  (crown) over "FN" over "Toledo"

Ricasso (Right): "4639" over "U"

Scabbard:  "4617" over "U"
M1943 Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Spanish M1943 Mauser Short Rifle (a derivative of the German Kar 98k).

This bayonet was the first type produced for use with the M1943 Short Rifle and utilized a low muzzle ring. These bayonets are sometimes erroneously referred to as the M1936.

9.875 251 15.125 384 .620 15.7 Ricasso (Left):  (crown) over "FN" over "Toledo"

Ricasso (Right): "694" over "J"

Crosspiece: "U"

Scabbard (throat): "56"

M1944 Knife bayonet for use on the 8 mm. Spanish M1943 Mauser Short Rifle.

This bayonet is outwardly identical to the German M1884/98 III, except that the blade is thinner.  The bluing on the blade and flashguard has a reddish hue to it. The scabbard is identical to the M1884/98 III, except that it has no throatpiece.

The quality of construction is poor, compared to other Spanish bayonets. These are sometimes erroneously referred to as the M1943.

9.875 251 15.125 384 n/a Crosspiece:  ""P.R.8" and "5851"
M1969 CETME Knife bayonet for use on the 7.62 mm. NATO caliber CETME assault rifle. Also fits on the FR–8 training rifle. 

This example was made at Toledo, INI, Spain, probably in the 1970s.

The M1969 has checkered plastic grips and an unfullered bolo blade profile.  The scabbard has an integral web belt frog.  This bayonet has a very unusual rectangular mounting slot. A distinctive variant with smooth grips and a fullered blade was also made for export to Guatemala.

CETME is an acronym for Centro de Estudios T√©cnicos de Materiales Especiales (Center for Technical Studies of Special Materials). CETME was the Spanish government design and development establishment where German designer, Ludwig Vorgrimler, modified the German StG45(M) assault rifle to create the CETME.

9.875 222 13.25 337 .875 22.2 Ricasso (Left):  "ET91467B" over a crest over "Toledo" over "INI"

Ricasso (Right): crest

Ricchieri Adapter Bayonet adapter designed by Argentine Gen. Pablo Ricchieri to allow use of M1893 style bayonets with later M1898 rifles. These are often found pinned to the bayonet lug of Spanish M1943 Short Rifles. n/a n/a n/a None.
© Ralph E. Cobb 2010 All Rights Reserved        

Bayonets of Spain

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